Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States and is also a major cause of disability: there are many things that can increase the risk of heart disease, which are called risk factors, some of which can not be controlled, but there are many that you can check out.
Here, according to Medline Plus, we will discuss the most important factors that can increase the risk of heart disease, including:
The risk of heart disease increases with advancing age, with men aged 45 and older and 55 years of age who are more likely to contract infection.
Some risk factors may affect the risk of heart disease differently in women than men: for example, estrogen offers women some protection against heart disease, but diabetes increases the risk of heart disease in women more than men .
Some groups are more at risk than others: African Americans are more likely than whites to develop heart disease, while Hispanic Americans are less likely to develop the disease. Some Asian groups, such as Eastern Asia, have low rates, but South Asia They have higher rates of heart disease.
4. Family history:
You may be at greater risk if you have a close relative who has had heart disease at an early age.
Fortunately, there are many things you can do to reduce your chances of heart disease, including:
1. Blood pressure control:
Arterial hypertension is an important risk factor for heart disease: it is important to check your blood pressure regularly at least once a year for most adults, and often if you suffer from high blood pressure, you need to take measures, including lifestyle, to prevent or control high blood pressure.
2. Maintain cholesterol and triglyceride levels:
High cholesterol levels can block arteries, increase the risk of coronary heart disease and heart attacks. Lifestyle and medication changes can reduce cholesterol. Triglycerides, another type of fat in the blood, cause high levels of fat. . Triglycerides may increase the risk of coronary heart disease, especially in women.
3. Maintaining a healthy weight:
Weight gain or obesity can increase the risk of heart disease, mainly due to other factors associated with the risk of heart disease, including high levels of cholesterol, triglycerides, hypertension, diabetes and weight control . This reduces these risks.
4 – eat a healthy diet:
You should try to reduce saturated fat, sodium-rich foods and added sugars, eat lots of fresh fruit, vegetables and whole grains and follow the DASH diet is an example of a diet that can help you lower blood pressure and cholesterol and two things that can reduce the risk of heart disease
5. Regular exercise:
Exercise has many benefits, including strengthening the heart and improving blood circulation, as it can also help maintain a healthy weight, lower cholesterol and blood pressure, all of which can reduce the risk of heart disease.
6. Limit the alcohol:
Drinking too much alcohol can increase blood pressure, adding excess calories, which can cause weight gain, both increase the risk of heart disease.
7. Do not smoke:
Cigarette smoking is one of the factors that increase your blood pressure and puts you at risk for heart attacks and strokes and stopping smoking reduces your risk of heart disease.
8. Stress control:
Stress is related to the risk of heart disease in several ways, as it can increase blood pressure, and extreme stress can be a "trigger" for a heart attack. Some ways to help control stress, including: doing exercise, listening to music, focusing on something peaceful or peaceful and meditating.
9. Management of diabetes:
The presence of diabetes is exacerbated by the risk of diabetes because, over time, a high level of blood sugar can also cause damage to blood vessels and nerves that control the heart and blood vessels, so it is important to check for diabetes.
If you do not sleep enough, you increase the risk of hypertension, obesity and diabetes. These three things can increase the risk of heart disease.
Most adults need 7-9 hours of sleep a night, so make sure you have good sleep habits: sleep apnea can make you sleep well enough and can increase your risk of heart disease.