October 18, 2020
It usually happens that after some time of use, the computer begins to slow down, so that after a year a “fight” can be generated between the computer and its user. Many times some programs or applications that have the possibility of running in the background are blamed, such as a antivirus.
If you feel that your computer is slow, follow these 3 tips to optimize its performance without the need for third-party tools, and it will surely respond as before.
1. Delete unnecessary information:
First you can clean the computer of information that is not so necessary, such as temporary files, items in the trash, installation log files, among others. To do this, you must go to: Start> All Programs> Accessories> System Tools> Disk Cleanup
It can be seen in the following screenshot:
Once we access this Windows application, a window will appear to select the drive to clean. In this case we select the C: drive, which is where the operating system is installed. Once the information is loaded, it will automatically allow us to select what information we want to clean:
In this example we select all the options, so that it clears everything. As seen below, the total information to be cleaned adds up to a total of 1.16 GB. Once the selection is made, it only remains to click on the “OK” button to start working.
2. Use the disk defragmenter:
It serves to rearrange the files, so that there are no empty information blocks on the disk.
When installing, uninstalling or deleting applications, files and more, the information begins to be discontinuous, with empty blocks in between. Defragmentation is responsible for rearranging these blocks of information, so that they remain continuously, allowing the operating system to access the complete information much faster, since it is ordered from beginning to end. To defragment you must go to: Start> All Programs> Accessories> System Tools> Disk Defragmenter
You can see it below:
There we can select the disk to correct, in our case again the C :. In the first place it must be analyzed, so that it recognizes the information blocks. Let’s see it in the following screenshot:
Once the storage unit has been analyzed, the tool will know where each block is, to be able to rearrange it contiguously where it corresponds in the defragmentation. When the analysis ends, we proceed to run the defragmentation:
Once the process is finished, which may take a few minutes depending on the amount of information, the operating system will be able to access the information much faster, since it will not have separate blocks of information; now you have them all together and contiguous from beginning to end.
3. Get rid of unnecessary applications at system startup:
Commonly when starting the operating system, services and applications that we do not use or simply do not know that they start are also started, making the boot much slower. But they can be disabled in the following way: in the Start menu, in the execution bar we must write msconfig and press Enter.
Inside the tool, we will see a window that has several tabs, as seen in the following screenshot:
Here we select the “Selective startup” mode, which allows you to tell the operating system what to start at boot time. This is how it differs from the normal mode, which starts everything.
In the tab “Services” we can find those that will start with Windows, and we can enable or disable those that we do not want to start, as seen below:
In the image on the left you can see that the list is quite extensive; This is due to the fact that Windows starts many of its own services, but by checking the option “Hide all Microsoft services”, only third-party services will be shown, as seen in the image on the right.
The next tab of our interest is “Windows Start”, where as can be seen below, it shows which are the applications that start together with the operating system:
In this case, as it is a controlled virtual machine, there are not many applications at startup; but two were unchecked, to show that it is possible to disable them. Another important detail to take into account here is the “Command” column, where you can see the path of the application that is running. It is advisable to disable those that come from the “temporary” path and those that are suspicious, since they are usually applications that are downloaded and run; sometimes they can also be infected files.
For this reason, the ESET Latin America Research Laboratory recommends having an antivirus solution installed, preventing unwanted malware executions. Carrying out this type of practice will allow you to know more about your PC, what is happening with it and what is running, in order to get the most out of it.
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