The North Vietnamese (Viet Minh) army, which on paper lost everything to the United States (US), which wanted to control South Vietnam, was actually able to repulse its opponents.
At that time, Vietnam was divided into two, namely North and South according to the Geneva Agreement after France lost the First Indochina War in July 1954.
At that time Vietnam promised to hold voters to unite them two years later, but the reality was nothing.
A year later Ngo Dinh Diem emerged as leader of South Vietnam supported by the US, while Ho Chi Minh continued to lead the communist state in North Vietnam.
Hanoi strategists admit that they never imagined they could finish off the US, even though they said otherwise.
As the communist propagandists put it, “The party-driven mass force” proved to be far more effective than the conventional military force brought in by the army of “Uncle Sam’s Country”.
The supreme commander of Vietnam’s military forces Vo Nguyen Giap at the time said the US was superior to its troops, but they did not understand its own strengths and weaknesses, which were different from Hanoi’s forces.
In this war that took place from November 1955 to April 30, 1975, Vietnam adopted the Dau Tranh strategy.
Former U.S. Secretary of State Douglas Pike explains, Dau Tranh is a tactic of using “people as weapons”.