KOMPAS.com – In general, the menstrual cycle or menstruation takes place every 28 days. However, irregular periods can occur if the cycle lasts longer than 35 days.
Late menstruation can occur when hormonal imbalances, hormonal changes nearing menopause, and certain physical exercises.
If late menstruation or irregular menstrual cycles occur at puberty or before menopause, there is no need for treatment to overcome them.
However, if it occurs during the reproductive period, certain treatments may be needed to make menstruation more regular.
Reporting from Medical News Today, 3 December 2020, a number of factors can increase the likelihood of being late and most of them are related to hormone production.
Life cycle changes that affect hormonal balance are puberty, menopause, pregnancy, childbirth, and breastfeeding.
For example, at puberty, the body undergoes significant changes. It takes several years for estrogen and progesterone to come into balance.
This causes frequent late menstruation and irregular menstrual cycles during puberty.
Other changes associated with irregular periods are extreme weight changes, stress, eating disorders, and resistance training.
How to deal with late menstruation can vary, depending on the factors that cause it.
However, there are several ways you can try to treat late menstruation. Reporting from Healthline, March 7, 2019, here are 5 how to deal with late menstruation according to science.
1. Yoga exercises
Yoga has been shown to be an effective remedy for various menstrual problems. Apart from this, yoga can also reduce menstrual pain and the emotional symptoms associated with it.
A 2013 study involving 126 participants found that practicing yoga for 35 to 40 minutes every 5 days a week can overcome the hormone levels associated with irregular periods.
2. Take care of your weight
Drastic changes in body weight can affect your menstrual cycle. If you are obese, losing weight can help improve your menstrual cycle.
In addition, extreme weight loss or being underweight can also cause delayed menstruation.
We recommend that you consult with your doctor to find out a healthy target weight and the right diet.
3. Regular exercise
Regular exercise can solve menstrual problems, including irregular menstrual cycles.
The results of recent clinical trials show that exercise can effectively treat primary dysmenorrhea.
In the study, 70 students with primary dysmenorrhea did 30 minutes of aerobic exercise every 3 days a week.
As a result, those who regularly exercise reported less pain associated with menstrual periods.
4. Consume ginger
Ginger can be used as a home remedy for late menstruation, although there is no strong scientific evidence to support it.
A study of 92 women with irregular periods showed that ginger supplements can help reduce the amount of blood lost during menstruation.
5. Consume cinnamon
Cinnamon seems to be useful for various menstrual problems. In addition, cinnamon has been shown to significantly reduce menstrual pain.
A study in 2014 said that cinnamon can regulate menstrual cycles more regularly and is an appropriate treatment option for polycystic ovary syndrome.