Jakarta, CNN Indonesia —
Uterine cancer or uterine cancer is a malignant tumor that grows in the uterus. Here are uterine cancer drugs.
Uterine cancer is the most common cancer that occurs in the female reproductive system. Uterine cancer begins when healthy cells in the uterus change and grow out of control, forming a mass called a tumor.
Tumors can be cancerous or benign. Cancerous tumors are malignant, meaning they can grow and spread to other parts of the body. Meanwhile, benign tumors can grow but generally will not spread to other parts of the body.
In the treatment of uterine cancer, various doctors, together are called a multidisciplinary team. They work together to create an overall patient treatment plan.
For uterine cancer drugs, the health care team must include a gynecological oncologist, who is a doctor who specializes in cancers of the female reproductive system.
In addition to doctors, the cancer care team includes a variety of other health care professionals, such as physician assistants, nurse practitioners, oncology nurses, social workers, pharmacists, counselors, nutritionists, and others.
A uterine cancer treatment plan also includes treatment for symptoms and side effects, an important part of cancer treatment.
Treatment options, including uterine cancer medications, and recommendations depend on several factors, including the type and stage of cancer, possible side effects, overall health, age, and personal preferences.
This includes whether or how treatment will affect your ability to have children, which is called fertility.
Here are six types of uterine cancer treatment, as reported by: Cancer.net.
Uterine cancer surgery aims to remove the tumor or some of the healthy tissue around it, called the margin.
This step is usually the first treatment used for uterine cancer.
Common surgical procedures for uterine cancer include hysterectomy (removal of the uterus) and removal of lymph nodes.
Prior to surgery, patients can talk to the care team about possible side effects experienced from surgery.
2. Radiation therapy
Radiation therapy is the use of high-energy x-rays or other particles to destroy cancer cells.
Radiation therapy as a uterine cancer drug can be given externally or internally.
External radiation therapy uses a machine outside the body to deliver radiation to the pelvic area or an area designated by a radiation oncologist.
Radiation can also be delivered internally which is known as brachytherapy.
External radiation therapy can be given alone or in combination with brachytherapy. For some people, brachytherapy alone may also be recommended.
However, the most common type of radiation treatment is external beam radiation therapy.
Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to destroy cancer cells, usually by preventing cancer cells from growing, dividing, and making more cells.
When recommended for uterine cancer, chemotherapy is usually given after surgery.
Chemotherapy is also considered if the uterine cancer returns after the person’s initial treatment.
Side effects of chemotherapy as a uterine cancer drug depend on the individual, the type of chemotherapy, and the dose used, but can include fatigue, risk of infection, nausea and vomiting, hair loss, loss of appetite, and diarrhea. These side effects usually go away after treatment is finished.
Check out other types of uterine cancer treatment on the following page.
Types of uterine cancer treatment