7 Causes of a Distended Stomach You Need to Watch Out for


A distended stomach can interfere with appearance and make people less confident. Besides disturbing appearance, a distended stomach can also interfere with body health, you know.

Distended stomach is a condition where the stomach looks swollen and enlarged. Distended stomach is usually caused by gas in the stomach. But it could also be due to other conditions, such as too much sugar consumption or a lack of fiber.

Even though it sounds trivial, stomach problems can also come from serious things. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to the causes of a distended stomach. Check out the causes of a distended stomach below.

Causes of Bloated Stomach

A distended stomach is a common occurrence that can be experienced by anyone. A distended stomach can occur for several reasons, the following are among them.

1. Constipation

The most common cause of a distended stomach is constipation. Constipation is a condition of someone who has difficulty defecating.

Constipation can cause feces to get stuck in the large intestine and cause a buildup of excess gas in the intestine. This buildup of gas can make your stomach distended.

2. Obesity

The stomach consists of accumulated fat. Accumulation of fat in the stomach will make the stomach look distended.

The main symptom of obesity is the accumulation of fat in the abdomen. Obese people are caused by consuming more calories than the calories needed by the body.

Obesity can also be triggered by several other factors such as lack of exercise and an unhealthy lifestyle. Therefore, it is important to do physical activity to avoid obesity.

3. Stress

In addition to internal factors, external factors can also be a cause of a distended stomach. When excess stress, the body will produce the hormone cortisol which can affect the body’s metabolism.

This will also affect how the body parts work. One of them, the digestive process becomes obstructed. Therefore, the stomach will easily distend when stressed.

4. Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

For women, they should be aware that when the monthly cycle is near, the stomach becomes distended more easily. This is due to fluctuations in the levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone in the body.

Changes in levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone cause the stomach to fill with gas and become distended during PMS until menstruation is complete.

5. Lactose Intolerance

Lactose intolerance is a condition when the body cannot digest lactose or the sugar content in dairy products. Symptoms can include bloating which makes the stomach distended.

If you experience a bloated and distended stomach after consuming milk, then you most likely have lactose intolerance.

6. Ascites / Fluid Buildup

Ascites or fluid buildup in the stomach can make the stomach distended. Ascites is a symptom of several chronic diseases, such as cirrhosis of the liver, heart failure and kidney failure.

Ascites can occur due to leakage of peritoneal fluid. In the early phase of ascites, the symptoms may not be so obvious.

This disease is quite dangerous and requires further medical action.

7. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a disorder or irritation that occurs in the large intestine and can cause a distended and painful stomach.

This irritation that occurs in the large intestine results in the accumulation of excess gas in the stomach.

Apart from bloating and distending, IBS can also be accompanied by diarrhea, constipation, stomach cramps, nausea, and frequent farting.

For the treatment of IBS, it is necessary to consult a doctor in order to get the right treatment.

A distended stomach does seem like a trivial problem but in fact the causes can be varied. Let’s be aware of the causes of a distended stomach so that you stay healthy.

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