DusseldorfThe energy transition in Germany not only favors the climate. Pay economically for hundreds of thousands of Germans. Who operates a solar roof, not only calm his conscience, but also receives excellent returns. After all, the Renewable Energy Act (EEG) still guarantees a fixed and attractive price for electricity.
Only socially is the energy revolution, but not entirely. Most remuneration benefits entrepreneurs or homeowners. The billions of dollars costs, on the other hand, are allocated to electricity consumers. A large part of the EEG surcharge is borne by millions of tenants who can not install any equipment.
This should change now – promises the young Enyway energy company from Hamburg. Now offers all citizens to participate in the construction of a solar system from 39 euros. This is why it gets a fixed part of a larger solar system. The first plant with an area of 9000 square meters and a capacity of 1.5 megawatts will soon be built.
This would be enough to produce 1.5 million kilowatt-hours of electricity annually – mathematically answering the needs of over 500 families. Enyway has secured a corresponding space in the city of Hecklingen in Saxony-Anhalt, including building permits and grid connection.
However, citizens can also enter larger – and secure shares the size of a ping pong table. That costs 99 euros. Enyway's partner, Heiko von Tschischwitz, promises: "Consumers can now invest a small amount in building a photovoltaic system with immediate effect," he says. "The little man can now take an active part in the energy transition."
Tschischwitz likes to say big words, but the industry should take Enyway seriously. After all, the fifty-year-old has already rocked the energy market once. In 1999 he founded the first electricity supplier in Germany: Lichtblick. While almost all the newcomers who started after the liberalization of the electricity market quickly disappeared, Lichtblick has established itself as the largest independent supplier of green electricity – and today has almost 700,000 customers.
A year ago, von Tschischwitz ceded the management of Lichtblick and founded Enyway with its partners, always with a completely new approach: it wanted to make the classic utilities completely superfluous. Enyway is an online marketplace that directly connects wind turbine operators or solar roofs to consumers.
For example, environmentally conscious customers conclude direct supply contracts with farmers using wind turbines. Enyway ensures that everything runs smoothly and provides the green electricity needed in the market, if the customer's electricity consumption can not be completely covered. With this, Enyway removes anonymity in the green energy market: consumers buy electricity directly from the producer.
However, his team quickly realized that many consumers wanted to take a step forward, explains von Tschischwitz: they wanted to actively participate in the energy transition and invest in structures.
So far, however, this has been denied to many, especially to tenants.
It is true that tenants' electricity projects are gradually developing and that consumers are able to guarantee the supply of electricity directly from solar and special wind power plants. And, of course, there are financial assets that allow citizens to buy shares in green projects.
Electricity directly from the manufacturer
However, Enyway guarantees that consumers can purchase a very specific share of planned solar systems. Thanks to blockchain technology, the area is assigned to counterfeit evidence. The consumer receives electricity equivalent to his share delivered directly to his home. Furthermore, it obtains the remaining electricity it consumes at cost price from renewable sources.
Enyway charges only procurement costs, network charges, taxes and surcharges, but renounces a sales margin. The start-up earns the purchase price and a monthly service fee of 2.99 euros. Measured against conventional tariffs, the consumer had already taken away the investment in the "pizza box" model after a few months, promises Tschischwitz.
At the same time, even the solar system should fund itself and go on an agreement without EEG remuneration. This would mean that consumers who become solar energy companies should not in turn burden other consumers with EEG tax. For von Tschischwitz, the product is therefore almost "revolutionary".
Industry observers are not as euphoric as the owner of Enyway, but the model is interesting. "This is definitely a new approach," says Götz Fischbeck, Managing Director of Smart Solar Consulting. It is interesting, however, for what price the customer gets his solar energy at the end. But the investment amount for the plant would already have been financed through crowdfunding. If it works, it would be a breakthrough for the solar expert.
"The energy transition can use innovative business models well so that tenants can participate too," says energy expert at the NRW Consumer Center Udo Sieverding: "In reality, the energy transition is not yet correct."