It often starts with obesity. Subsequently, hypertension, high cholesterol and diabetes are added. If all four syndromes occur simultaneously, it is called metabolic syndrome. Since it develops slowly and is often recognized late but dangerous, it is called a "deadly quartet".
A syndrome is when different symptoms occur at the same time that may or may not be related. A common definition of the metabolic syndrome includes four clinical pictures: Overweight, high blood pressure, diabetes is high cholesterol levelsTherefore, metabolic syndrome is one of the greatest risks for serious vascular disease or heart attack. Metabolically means "metabolism-related" because the syndrome is associated with metabolic diseases (metabolism = metabolism). Many patients do not know that they still have other ailments, because neither pain nor other symptoms are usually noticed. For example, hypertension does not cause discomfort.
About a third of Germans have metabolic syndrome
Although the metabolic syndrome is the disease of well-being par excellence, many do not know it. This affects about a third of the German population. However, different definitions of the disease circulate internationally, which is why the number of patients is indicated differently. Furthermore, a large number of unreported cases must be taken, as many of them are unaware of their disease.
And often the metabolic syndrome is not recognized by the doctors right away, because four to five different diseases behind it. The clinical picture of a fat liver In the meantime, it is also often considered part of the metabolic syndrome, because in many cases it occurs together with other diseases.
Bacon produces dangerous hormones
In most people, the metabolic syndrome develops due to obesity. Above all, too much bacon is dangerous, because the "life preserver" is an indication that internal organs such as the pancreas or liver are covered by a thick layer of fat. The result: fat tissue produces harmful hormones that are distributed through the blood in the body. As a result, the metabolism becomes unbalanced and the blood vessels become blocked.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) is a men a the circumference of life of more than 102 cents risky, to women should this no more than 88 centimeters respectively.
Hypertension restricts vessels
Hypertension is also a risk factor. The Dangerous: inflated values often go unnoticed for years, because they cause little discomfort. If left untreated, arterial hypertension can damage the vessels. Who Values from 140/85 mmHg (Millimeters of mercury) or is already being treated, has a higher risk of developing metabolic syndrome.
The increase in blood lipids increases the risk of heart attacks and strokes
This also applies to people with high levels of lipids in the blood. Above all, the so-called "bad" LDL cholesterol should not be too high. When this value is too high, it must be assessed individually. The fewer additional risks for a patient, the greater the value. In people with metabolic syndrome who are already overweight, hypertension and abnormally high levels of sugar or resistance to insulin, LDL cholesterol must be significantly lower because their mortality is otherwise increased.
Blood sugar leads to a reduced life expectancy
The "deadly quartet" also includes type 2 diabetes. This type of diabetes is not innate, but is caused by a high calorie diet that goes beyond personal needs and lack of exercise. There is a disorder of sugar metabolism, which results in an increase in blood sugar levels. The cells of the body are insensitive to insulin. The hormone in healthy people transports glucose (glucose) from food into cells, where it serves as energy. In people with type 2 diabetes, this does not work anymore or just inadequately.
Deposits on the inner wall of the vessel: in the metabolic syndrome, the blood vessels over time. (Source: Getty-Images Thinkstock)
Side effects of the metabolic syndrome
In addition to the aforementioned problems, hypertension and a disturbed metabolism of sugars and fats occur with additional unfavorable side effects characteristic of the metabolic syndrome. So these patients often have increase in uric acid levels in the blood, which in turn can lead to gout, among other things.
Furthermore, people with metabolic syndrome usually have it easy increase in inflammatory values, their blood coagulation and also Reinforcedwhich in turn can lead to faster aggregation of platelets and increases the risk of thrombosis, stroke or embolism. The interior walls of the blood vessels Furthermore, the interested parties are often already not healthierThis, in turn, very often represents the onset of cardiovascular disease.
Losing weight can prevent the metabolic syndrome
The good news: the metabolic syndrome can be prevented and effectively neutralized. Since obesity is often the beginning of the "deadly quartet", diet and dietary changes are advisable. Also important is a lot of movement. Those who lose weight can also minimize other risk factors: for example, 5 to 7% less body weight reduces the risk of diabetes by 60%. Also, you should regularly check your blood pressure and blood sugar levels. If these are unfavorable, patients must go to the doctor and have to examine the fourth risk factor, the blood lipids.
Anyone who is already ill can not help but treat all the partial illnesses independently. For successful therapy, it is a change in the central lifestyle: a decrease in weight, exercise and a healthy diet are crucial for successfully treating the four risk factors.
Important note: The information does not replace professional advice or treatment by experienced and recognized doctors. The content of t-online.de can not and should not be used to make independent diagnoses or initiate treatments.