On the occasion of the centenary of the end of the First World War, Alan Doss and Scott Weber consider, in a "World" forum, that reconciliation between the belligerents passes through the inclusion of populations in the peace process.
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from Alan Doss (President of the Kofi Annan Foundation) and Scott Weber (President of Interpeace)
tribune. Defeated people who are ignored or even humiliated, great war reparations and actors who defend particular interests in the short term rather than a lasting vision. A hundred years ago, at the end of the First World War – whose armistice was commemorated on Sunday 11 November – the former belligerents showed by default the importance of achieving reconciliation after a devastating conflict. Nourishing the conditions that would lead to a second global conflagration less than a generation later.
Among the negotiators there were only men, elderly or even very old for some of them. An image that does not reflect the diversity of populations. What did we learn from this four-year trip? Has the question been answered today? Far from this. In an international environment characterized primarily by civil wars, unlike a hundred years ago, processes are more inclusive than at present, but much remains to be done. The proof is that, for the first time since 1970, the decade started in 2010 has seen that more conflicts begin to die.
1% of development aid for reconciliation
Worse, almost 60% of the civil wars between 1945 and 2009 were fired again after the end of hostilities and 50% in the following decade. However, the interest in investing in reconciliation is undoubtedly, but it is undervalued. Violence in the world costs billions of euros. On the contrary, much less than 1% of development aid is fueling reconciliation efforts. Just like every euro injected in peacebuilding avoids losing 16 in conflicts or other confrontations.
Almost 60% of the civil wars between 1945 and 2009 were fired again after the end of hostilities and 50% in the next decade
To convince more, there is …