According to an atmosphere familiar with the progress of the file, security officials and experts are preparing the crime scene in order to re-enact the “welding”, in order to reach a clear conclusion about this hypothesis and the possibility of causing the fire, then the explosion of hundreds of tons of ammonium nitrate on August 4, 2020. We can only say that The time for this test is approaching. Knowing that many testimonies and reports, previously published by Al-Modon, stated that the equipment used on the day of the explosion did not produce sparks. The answer remains confined to the farrier after the completion of the process, which is supposed to match the same climatic conditions and the situation of the materials in the amber.
4th of August memory
Two weeks later, the murder’s one-year anniversary. The families of the victims and martyrs, and all the Lebanese people, are preparing to commemorate this anniversary, which the President of the Republic declared that August 4 will be a day of national mourning. It is assumed that the memorial will be organized in the port, and it is now confirmed that the Maronite Patriarch Bechara Al-Rahi will be present on the occasion. Knowing that many of the victims and their families refuse any political presence at any level, because the authority and its representatives, parties and leaders are accused in the first place of causing the crime. Moreover, this same authority obstructs investigations through various steps, in preventing the prosecution of defendant officials, and in an attempt to withdraw the file from Judge Al-Bitar and refer it to Parliament regarding the defendants’ representatives.
ghee and honey
In parliamentary circles, a parliamentary petition, whose godfather is Deputy Speaker Elie Ferzli, is proceeding, and it is supposed to be signed by 26 deputies on the issue of the prosecution of the three MPs, Nohad Al-Mashnouq, Ali Hassan Khalil, Ghazi Zuaiter, and the caretaker prime minister, Hassan Diab, the defendants in the file. The petition proposes the establishment of a parliamentary investigation committee to present its report to the general body that decides to end the prosecution or refer the defendants to the Supreme Council for the Trial of Presidents and Ministers.
The idea of the petition seems like the process of removing Al-Bitar from the file, and limiting it to Parliament. However, legal references assure Al-Modon that “the parliamentary investigation process does not nullify the judicial and judicial investigation process, and if the House of Representatives wants to prosecute its accused members, let it be, fat and honey.” In this context, it is necessary to recall the legal texts that open the way for this matter.
two constitutional articles
Article 60 of the constitution states, “There is no liability for the president of the republic when he performs his job except when he violates the constitution or in the event of high treason.” But the most important thing in it is that “regarding ordinary crimes, they are subject to the general laws. He can only be accused of these crimes, or of violating the constitution and high treason, by the House of Representatives, by virtue of a decision issued by a two-thirds majority of all its members, and he is tried before the Supreme Council stipulated in Article 80 “.
As for Article 70 of the constitution, it says that “the House of Representatives may accuse the Prime Minister and the ministers of committing high treason or violating their duties, and the indictment may only be issued by a two-thirds majority of the total members of the House.” This means that Article 70 did not mention accusing the Prime Minister and ministers of ordinary crimes, which can be interpreted in accordance with the spirit of Article 60 that they can be prosecuted according to general laws.
Bar Association strike
During the past weeks, all the defendants, including the security forces (who are not protected by immunities) and public servants, invoked a strike by the Bar Association to not appear before the judicial investigator. To the extent that some, among the families of the victims, the families of the detainees and the defendants in the file alike, blame the strike of the Bar Association for the suspension of interrogations on the one hand, and the cessation of releases on the other. As for the head of the Bar, Melhem Khalaf, according to what he says in connection with Al-Modon, “People are important to us and we are keen on the file and we follow up on all the details and do not neglect them.” The political obstruction in the crime of the Beirut port explosion is much greater than the argument of the Bar Association’s strike. The latter has become more like “Othman’s shirt” because the defendants did not appear, no more.
On August 4, the Lebanese are on a date with the first anniversary of the crime. They want truth and justice. They want investigation, prosecution and fairness. 216 victims have fallen, and the responsibility is clear in default and negligence, both actual and moral, regardless of the conspiracy and purpose of introducing the ammonium nitrate shipment. The philosophy of nitrates is another story.