Anti-semitic actions increased by 69% in 2018 in France

In a forum on Facebook, Edouard Philippe evokes the "implacable" figures of anti-Semitic acts in the last nine months.

The Monde.fr with AFP
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• Updated the

After two years of decline, anti-Semitic acts in France recorded a sharp increase (+ 69%) in the first nine months of 2018, alarmed Prime Minister Edouard Philippe in a forum published Friday, November 9 on Facebook.

"Every aggression perpetrated against one of our fellow citizens because he is Jewish sounds like a new broken crystal"says the head of government in this forum published exactly eighty years after the fateful Crystal Night and its Nazi atrocities against Jews in Germany, November 9, 1938. "Why do you remember such a painful memory in 2018, because we are very far from having ended up with anti-Semitism", writes the former mayor of Le Havre, evoking the figures "Implacable" anti-Semitic acts in France in the last part of 2018. This historic call comes at a time when the executive is fighting to end the controversy over Marshal Pétain.

"While it has been declining for two years, the number of these acts has increased by over 69% in the first nine months of 2018"he continues.

After a record year in 2015, anti-semitic acts fell dramatically in 2016 (-58%). The recession continued in 2017 (-7%), with 311 listed acts, although it masked an increase in violence against Jews.

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"Unbearable" levels

These figures are all the more alarming as they are "They are trendy, homogeneous in nine months", says Frédéric Potier, the interministerial delegate to the fight against racism, anti-Semitism and anti-LGBT hate. They consist of about two thirds of threats and one third of action. They do not understand the anti-Semitic contents on the Internet. "This increase is not entirely French" notes Mr. Potier, as it is perceptible also in the United States and in Germany.

The figures published on Friday are not "Not a surprise" for the president of the Representative Council of Jewish Institutions in France, Francis Kalifat. "Anti-Semitism is deeply rooted in our country () We are reaching levels that will become unbearable ", he judged on LCI. "We can not go from plan to plan to fight anti-Semitism, because we discover that these succeeding plans can not absorb this cancer that afflicts our society.

Reinforce the fight against cyberhaine

After the anti-Semitic attack in Pittsburgh in the United States at the end of October, Edouard Philippe reiterated his determination to "Do not let anything pass" anti-Semitism in France.

Quoting the survivor of the Nazi camps Elie Wiesel to warn "Hazard" of "L & # 39; indifference", the prime minister assures him "The government has chosen not to remain indifferent", recalling the decisions made in recent months.

The government is preparing an amendment to the law for 2019 to strengthen the fight against cyberhaine, putting pressure on Internet operators. "From mid-November", a national team will be mobilizable "Permanent" the Ministry of Education intervenes in schools to support any teacher confronted with anti-Semitism, he says.

The Prime Minister's recent plan against racism and anti-Semitism provides for the testing of"A network of investigators and magistrates specifically trained in the fight against hate crimes", which could be extended at national level, as well as an online prepaid device to promote reporting.

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Anti-Semitism, a reality that is difficult to measure accurately

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