We keep looking for love through dating apps, but do we know who’s on the other side? Regardless of connections by tastes or hobbies, many users and studies warn that bots are sneaking into profiles with consequences, sometimes criminal. Behind photos, especially of women, and little personal information hide robots that refer the person to other websites, some of pornography, or even phishing, where they steal bank card details. Match, the group that includes several apps of this type, such as Tinder, said in 2019 that it “captures and neutralizes” 85% of false profiles “before they are activated” and that, then, within a day, they eliminate 96%. And not only that, Tinder describes as a “relatively small percentage” that which has led users to be “victims of criminal activities.”
But the general feeling of the subscribers of this social network to flirt is different. Since 2017 there have been private complaints surfing the net until some investigators have got to work. And the data concludes that 23.4% of profiles are botsaccording to a study by professors at the University of Arizona. For three months, in 2018, an experiment put 6 profiles on Tinder, and of the 623 contacts who wanted to start a conversation with them, 146 were not people. And they drew an interesting conclusion: “They are capable of camouflaging themselves among normal users: they have 60 Facebook friends on average, they use real photos and they have complete profiles, so it is very difficult to detect them.”
The researcher of the SOM Research Lab team, made up of the Open University of Catalonia (UOC) and ICREA, Jordi Cabot, warns that, in general, bots have improved over time: “It’s a bit of a cat’s game and The mouse. At first, users could be more easily fooled, so the bots were simpler, but as the user becomes more aware, they have to improve. ” And so they do, and each time “they hide their false identity better”. According to him, there are many consumers, “more experienced”, who verify if the photo is “stolen” in pages like TinEye, although even for this, alert, there are tricks: “With the advances of artificial intelligence, a bot can simply generate a fake image for a profile that looks really real. “
Robots also learn
We must not forget, experts explain, that bots have different uses and one of them is the one that encourages encounters between people on these dating platforms, which is called a recommender system. “This type of system”, explains Cabot, “is used both to find a partner with similar tastes and for audiovisual platforms, such as Netflix, to recommend movies or series individually.” In addition, they can acquire knowledge to go further, adds the researcher: “They can learn from your feedback, that is, the app recommends possible like-minded people and, depending on whether you accept or not, it will learn more about your tastes and improve future recommendations“.
The companies defend this use as basic to the system itself and, in this way, they distance themselves from the complaints regarding the fact that they themselves create the false profiles in order to have more subscribers. Bots, they say, “are the heart of our service; in fact, it’s probably the reason you like using our products!” But they also promise more control within the app with a “pioneer service” to detect fake photos.
Tips not to be fooled
While doubts grow among the community of people who are looking for a virtual partner, companies like OkCupid launch recommendations to prevent users from falling into deceptions. “Do not send money or share financial information” It is the fundamental advice in the initial conversations, which is added to the fact of not clicking on links to websites that are spam or “commercial sites that try to sell you products or services.”
The experts, for their part, offer a trick to these alleged people: ask something very specific to try to test the bot. With fifty million registered people around the world and ten million active subscribers a day, as is the case with Tinder, some consider that these dating sites, like the rest of social networks that are “free”, may have “difficulties regarding fake profiles, spam bots or dangerous users. ” And, in the line of defense that bots help people connect, Stanford researchers also raise a question: “It is not clear that these misrepresentations are more common in online dating than they were in the pre-internet era. “.
With our social interactions increasingly dependent on a screen, the researcher Jordi Cabot points to the appearance of app as Zodier, who is looking for a partner with the same recommendation systems used by Tinder, but directly on a communication channel, like, for example, Telegram. Who knows if at some point, as the expert imagines, each person will have their own chatbot programmed as a “personal virtual avatar”.