American scientists have analyzed satellite data, which contains information on the lunar eclipse, which could be observed by the inhabitants of North and South America, as well as Western Europe, on 21 January 2019.
Note that during the eclipse there was a bright flash, which was previously interpreted as a meteorite falling on the moon. Now the information is confirmed and the astronomers told what happened in the Monthly magazine of the Royal Astronomical Society.
Remember that a lunar eclipse occurs when the moon completely enters the shadow of the Earth. The moon turns red due to the dispersion of sunlight in the earth's atmosphere. These events can be regularly observed throughout the year.
The authors of the study note that they did not expect anything unusual from the January eclipse. But at 04:41 GMT, just as the lunar surface was completely obscured by the shadow of the Earth, the amateur astronomers who observed the eclipse through the telescopes saw a flash of light on the satellite.
According to numerous eyewitness accounts, the flash was bright enough to be seen even with the naked eye.
It is known that the Moon does not have an atmosphere, so its surface is not protected by the fall of various cosmic bodies. Because these shots occur at tremendous speed, the rocks evaporate instantly at the point of impact, raising a column of particles of different sizes.
Sunlight is scattered over these particles, so we can see these "glows" from the Earth.
On January 21st, the video of the MIDAS telescope recorded the moment of impact. The flash after the fall lasted 0.28 seconds. And this is the first time that scientists have managed to remove a glow from a meteorite that falls on the moon during a total eclipse.
Astronomers have concluded that a meteorite crashed on the lunar surface with a mass of about 45 kilograms, and its dimensions in diameter were from 30 to 60 centimeters. Because of the high speed with which a meteorite crashed on the surface of the moon, we could observe this flash even in amateur telescopes.