Australian cities on global A-list climate change include Melbourne, Sydney, Canberra and Adelaide

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Four Australian cities have beaten nearly 600 rivals to arrive at a list of leading locations that act against climate change.

Adelaide, Canberra, Melbourne and Sydney have been named among 43 cities around the world to do list A to take action to reduce emissions and establish climate change strategies in a new international confrontation.

Canberra, Melbourne and Sydney were also among the 14 cities around the world recognized for setting neutral carbon targets or having zero net emissions.

Melbourne was chosen to set the goal of having zero net emissions by 2020, and Sydney is recognized for having the same goal for 2050. Canberra is one of the only four listers to have the goal of having all the energy used in the city from renewable sources (the others are Paris, Minneapolis and San Francisco).

Canberra says it can do it by 2020.

Reykjavik, the capital of Iceland, is the only city that claims to be already able to manage 100% of renewable energy (70% of hydroelectric power, 30% of geothermal energy).

The "A List" was released by CDP (Carbon Disclosure Project), a non-profit organization that works in collaboration with cities and states to measure and manage their environmental impacts.

The 596 cities evaluated for the list obtained a score from A to D- based on the effectiveness with which they manage, measure and address greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to climate-related risks, including water safety.

"An" A "score through CDP means that a city demonstrates strong climate adaptation and mitigation strategies and constantly monitors its emissions," the organization said in a statement.

CDP's global director for cities, states and regions, Kyra Appleby, said the four Australian cities are now in a very exclusive club.

"Only 7% of the cities that reported to CDP in 2018 received an A," he said.

"We urge cities around the world to intensify their actions, to set goals in line with what is required by the latest sciences to prevent dangerous climate change and to share their progress transparently.

"Cities host more than half of the world's population and are responsible for over 70% of global carbon emissions related to energy, so they can make or break efforts to tackle climate change."

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