On Wednesday, the international community sent two messages to Nicolás Maduro's government. In the first, from the United Nations headquarters in Geneva, the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michelle Bachelet, denounced torture, murders and an acute social crisis in Venezuela. In the second, at the headquarters of the Organization of American States (OAS), images of an illegal torture center were shown for the first time publicly.
During a preview of the report prepared by the Chilean president's team, on a visit to Venezuela invited by Maduro, Bachelet denounced the grave human rights crisis that the country is experiencing and the collapse of the medical and educational services that caused the 39; exodus of over three million people. According to Bachelet, despite this scenario, the Venezuelan authorities refuse to recognize the dimensions of the "vast humanitarian crisis", while they affirm that the sanctions imposed by the United States "can further aggravate the economic situation".
On the repression, Bachelet said that the Venezuelan security forces, supported by "armed groups", paramilitary groups linked to the government, have repressed the peaceful dissent with excessive use of force, deaths and torture documented by their office. At the same time, the former president of Chile cited allegations that the special force of the national police (FAES) had executed 37 people in January in Caracas, in illegal raids on homes in poor areas that they supported l & # 39; opposition.
"The murders follow a similar pattern and occur during illegal raids on homes conducted by the FAES, later they report death following an armed confrontation, even though witnesses report that the victims were unarmed", Bachelet sums up in reference to the methodology used and that in 2018 it would have killed 205 people.
"As a direct result of this profound human rights crisis, over three million people have fled Venezuela in search of food, medical care, work and protection," he said.
In reference to the recent blackouts in Venezuela, the United Nations commissioner said that "they symbolize the infrastructural problems afflicting the country", where one million children stopped going to school due to economic problems of families and schools or because of of the simple lack of teachers, many of whom have emigrated, he said.
On the work of journalists, Bachelet said that after a very hard weeks of detention and persecution, the Venezuelan authorities unjustly pursued journalists, leaders of the opposition and critics. Bachelet also highlighted the health chaos the country is experiencing, one of the flags of the Bolivarian government. "The health system continues to deteriorate, which has a significant impact on maternal and infant mortality and on the spread of infectious diseases that had previously been under control."
According to the High Commissioner, all this black landscape will be aggravated by the sanctions imposed by the United States on financial transfers linked to the sale of Venezuelan oil and which could further damage the economy. Bachelet, however, acknowledged that the "generalized and devastating economic and social crisis" began before US sanctions in January.
Almost parallel to the Bachelet conference, a shocking video of a police torture center was presented in Washington. In the same, the lieutenant of the aviation Ronald Dugarte, former member of the general direction of military counter-espionage (DGCIM), today in the unknown place, showed a clandestine registration in which the underground passages in which several soldiers are present are blocked. In one of them, Captain Caguaripano refuses to eat because he is urinating blood and in another, Colonel Mejías Laya is seen on the ground, who spent 30 days blindfolded and his hands tied behind his back. The videos were recorded between December 2018 and February of this year by the lieutenant hired in August for intelligence work in the SEBIN (National Bolivarian Intelligence Service).
Dugarte pointed out that dozens of prisoners are often tortured with electric shocks, asphyxiation with plastic bags, beatings and injections of unknown substances.
The lieutenant of the aviation claimed to have been trained for counter-espionage tasks by a mixed militia composed of Venezuelan and Cuban military personnel. According to the lieutenant, although he could not access the torture centers, it was possible to hear the screams of pain of the detained soldiers. "If I could hear their screams and their cries of so much pain, they were tied up and stayed that way for a month without any right to anything," he said during a Skype conference where the general secretary of the # was present. 39; OAS Luis Almagro. According to the human rights organizations in Venezuela there are about 200 military prisoners and the repression and suspicion on them have increased as they have become the last great support that Chavismo must keep in power.