Beware of Irritable Bowel Syndrome! Appears with abdominal pain, triggers stress

Giving information about irritable bowel syndrome, Medicana International Istanbul Hospital Gastroenterology Specialist Assoc. Dr. Ozlem Mutluay Soyer, “Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional bowel disease characterized by abdominal pain and changes in bowel habit. It is a very common condition and affects 5-10% of the population. Nervous system changes and stress can cause irritable bowel syndrome. said.

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AFFECTS 5-10 PERCENT OF SOCIETY

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional bowel disease characterized by abdominal pain and changes in bowel habit. It is a very common condition and affects 5-10% of the population. WomanAlong with the disease, which is more common in young people than in men, and more common in young people than in the elderly; Medicana International Istanbul Hospital Gastroenterology Specialist Assoc. Dr. Özlem Mutluay Soyer noted that its incidence increased with other functional gastrointestinal diseases. Stating that the mechanism of occurrence of IBS is quite complex, Soyer stated that many factors such as nervous system changes, intestinal hypersensitivity, deterioration in bowel movements, changes in intestinal bacterial composition, genetic and psychosocial stress are thought to play a role.

Gas and bloating in the abdomen are among the most common complaints

Emphasizing that abdominal pain is a must for the diagnosis of IBS, Assoc. Dr. Soyer, “IBS patients may have diarrhea, constipation, diarrhea-constipation attacks. Gas and bloating in the abdomen are very common. The diagnosis of IBS is made by excluding underlying organic diseases. Urgent colonoscopy should be performed if you are over 50, bloody stools, nocturnal diarrhea, weight loss, iron deficiency anemia, family history of Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, or family history of colorectal cancer. he said.

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A STRONG PATIENT DOCTOR RELATIONSHIP IS IMPORTANT IN IBS TREATMENT

Stating that there is no treatment that changes the natural course of IBS, Assoc. Dr. Soyer, “With treatment, while complaints and hospital admissions decrease, quality of life increases. A solid patient-physician relationship is the most important key to success in IBS treatment. Adequate patient education is the first step of treatment. Lifestyle and diet changes can be beneficial. Small and regular meals, avoiding known trigger foods, and reducing alcohol and caffeine consumption are recommended. Fermentable oligo-, di-, and mono-saccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) are found at high levels in some fruits, artificial sweeteners, legumes, and green vegetables. said.

A CHRONIC DISEASE

Assoc. Dr. Soyer continued his words as follows: “In patients with IBS, consumption of FODMAP-containing foods can lead to an increase in small intestine water content and intestinal volume, and an increase in complaints. By limiting FODMAP-containing foods, complaints can be reduced in some patients. However, it is very difficult to implement because it requires many food restrictions. In cases where an effective response cannot be obtained with lifestyle and diet, drug therapy is applied. Necessary treatment is given for constipation, diarrhea, abdominal pain, abdominal swelling. IBS is a chronic, long-term disease. 30-50 percent of patients are stable; While complaints increase in 2-18 percent, improvement is seen in 12-38 percent. IBS does not increase the risk of cancer, does not affect the patient’s life expectancy, but can affect the quality of life at least as much as organic diseases.

SOURCE: gave

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