If the House of Representatives comes out on Tuesday, feminised and renewed elections, the blacks seem to be the big losers of the poll with the defeat of the headliners and a campaign with racist accents.
Andrew Gillum and Ben Jealous, Democrats of the Black Community, did not become governors of Florida and Maryland, respectively, despite the influx of donations and the support of various personalities.
In Georgia, the Democrat Stacey Abrams, who is trying to become the first black woman in the elected governor history, seems to have been defeated. But, waiting for the final results on Thursday morning, he did not want to give the defeat to the Republican Brian Kemp.
The Democrats had invested heavily in the thirty-five-year-old mayor of Tallahassee, Andrew Gillum, who hoped to become the first black governor in Florida thanks to minority votes in the southeastern state. Former President Barack Obama, the first black man elected to the White House, even came to support him in person.
Tuesday night, he had to admit his defeat against the trumpet Ron DeSantis who, at the start of the campaign, had created the controversy using a verb composed of the word monkey to attack him ("monkey this").
Mr. Gillum felt that his opponent was attracting the votes of white supremacists. "I'm not saying that Mr. DeSantis is a racist, I'm just saying that racists believe he is racist," he said in a debate.
Stacey Abrams also received the support of Barack Obama and the visit of the media presenter Oprah Winfrey, which was followed by a clearly racist attack.
"It is the magical Negro Oprah Winfrey who asks you to elect his black sister as governor of Georgia": several voters in this state deeply marked by racial segregation had received this recorded telephone message funded by a small anti-Semitic and racist group.
Mrs. Abrams also accused her adversary, the head of state electoral operations, of abusing his office by suspending the registration of 35,000 African Americans on the electoral roll.
Other voter cancellation charges have been made in North Dakota, Texas, and Kansas.
– "Cement ceiling" –
"Let's face it, these restrictions have played an important role in silencing the black community and black people," said Derrick Johnson, president of the powerful Black Rights Association (NAACP).
One of his predecessors, Ben Jealous, has clearly lost the outgoing Republican governor Larry Hogan to Maryland, a favorite for months.
But these defeats should not overshadow the success of other black candidates, including several democratic women, ten years after Barack Obama's victory.
Nine elected officials will enter Congress in January, according to the Congressional Black Caucus, the parliamentary group that brings together elected representatives of the African-American community and who had before the election 49 members – a record – in Congress.
Lucy McBath, whose son was shot dead in 2012 and campaigned to increase arms sales control, arrived in Georgia.
Ilhan Omar, a Somali national refugee and Muslim Somali, was elected in Minnesota, Jahana Hayes won in Connecticut and Ayanna Pressley in Massachusetts.
In his victory speech, the latter joked about the "concrete ceiling" that prevents black women from climbing to higher positions. "But you know what can break it? Seismic changes!" He told his supporters.
Even the mayor of Washington, Muriel Bowser, has been re-elected in a chair, an expected victory since the federal capital is conquered by the Democrats.
"Our work continues," former President Obama said in a statement after the election. "The change we need will not come from a single election, but it's a start."