Berlin, Munich, FrankfurtThe German auto industry is running out of time: By 2021, the average consumption of their new cars should fall by one-third, as envisioned by the EU climate goals. By 2030, the value would then have to be reduced by a further 37.5 percent. Without a massive introduction of alternative drives the industry threatens the long term.
Daimler, BMW and the VW Group are rebuilding their model ranges, calling for help from the state. "Otherwise, many customers will not even think about buying an e-vehicle," said BMW boss Harald Krüger compared to the Handelsblatt.
By the end of May, he and other top executives in the industry association VDA want to bundle their ideas in a key issues paper. Subsequently, the result of the policy will be presented, the Handelsblatt learned from group circles. In order to get at least seven million electric cars on the road in 2030, purchase premiums and tax relief in the billions would be necessary.
And the politics? Shows understanding. "For this we need more state support," says Stephan Weil (SPD), Prime Minister in the VW home Lower Saxony, the Handelsblatt. Angela Merkel also indirectly signaled her support to carmakers this weekend. The Chancellor criticized the previous approach of the Ministry of the Environment to burden individual sectors. This should be "discussed again". Instead, "the price of CO2 as a whole" could be an alternative.
The Automanager are unanimous: As a "total social task" is the traffic turn by the public to co-finance. Thus, the government should make their will "visible" that the Germans should drive e-cars: with purchase premiums, tax breaks and especially with tons of charging stations on the streets, at work, in front of supermarkets and in private garages. According to the Federal Association of the Energy and Water Industries, there are currently just 16,000 charging points nationwide.
In total, the experts demand a total of 8.4 million charging points by 2030, most of them in private garages, 600,000 in public areas, one million at workplaces and 10,000 fast charging stations mainly at motorway service areas. The federal government alone has to build 40,000 loading points per year. Cost alone for the charging network: 11.9 billion euros by 2030.
The required state aid justified the car industry politically: So are the additional cost of electric cars by several thousand euros over those of comparable cars with internal combustion engine. This will not change much even when entering mass production. This, in turn, could become a social problem if individual mobility becomes more expensive for large segments of the population.
Lower electricity prices desired
Daimler, BMW and Volkswagen also want to push for lower electricity prices in their concept. At present, it is at up to 60 cents per kilowatt hour, which corresponds to a fuel price of 2.80 euros. "The electricity prices must be such that it is worthwhile," it said in the industry. Again and again, the reference to Norway, where the purchase premiums lush and the electricity for the e-cars is free.
So far, companies are not in agreement about the technology of the future. VW relies on pure electric cars, BMW CEO Krüger continues to push for hybrid and hydrogen engines. "We have to set ourselves up technologically. Anything else would be an enormous risk, "says Krüger. BMW and Daimler rely mainly on plug-in hybrids. Part-time electricians drive over land with an internal combustion engine, in the city they switch to electric drive.
Thus, the two automakers hope to keep the combustion engine for several years in the game. Maybe in a few years, the fuel cell will prevail. Kruger calls his approach "technically open". Like Daimler, BMW wants to align its plants so that Stromer, Hybride and Verbrenner are produced on a single tape.
This sees VW boss Herbert Diess very different. The top VW director fears that the customers are irritated by too many options and ultimately withhold the purchase of electric cars. Diess puts everything on a map and, with Emden and Zwickau, converts two of its most important production plants to the pure production of electric cars.
He receives encouragement from Lower Saxony's Prime Minister Stephan Weil (SPD), who sits on the board of VW: "It is imperative to rely on the battery-powered electric mobility, otherwise the traffic will not be able to contribute to the climate protection goals 2030," said Because the Handelsblatt. In the medium term, however, he also promised a lot for commercial vehicles of the fuel cell and hydrogen drives. The industry is looking for a compromise that gives priority to the electric car, at least in the short term (until 2023).
A flop in the traffic turnaround would be fatal: After all, the EU limit rules stipulate that the manufacturers must pay penalties if they do not comply with the limits from the end of 2020 with their fleets. 95 euros per over-expended Gram CO2 are due. Only Stromer offers a way out. Currently, all three major German auto companies are far from this mark – there are therefore threatened billions of fines.
The promotion is still modest
In fact, the promotion of electromobility in Germany has so far been rather modest. So far, the federal government has provided only 300 million euros for the construction of charging stations. Recently, Transport Minister Scheuer demanded another billion from Federal Finance Minister Olaf Scholz (SPD) alone for next year.
He has not responded to this so far, perhaps because money alone is not the problem: The authorities have granted about 16,000 charging points nationwide in the past two years, but there are always problems and delays in setting up just over 1,000 are in operation.
Last Wednesday, the Climate Cabinet of the Federal Government met. There, Scholz presented concrete figures: He wanted to provide more support for the "urgently needed turnaround in mobility" with tax incentives, he wrote to his colleagues before the meeting. For the year 2021, he plans subsidies in the amount of 180 million euros, by 2023 it should already be 330 million, and the trend is rising. So that people buy the far more expensive electric cars instead of gasoline or diesel cars, Scholz wants to occupy the company tax in the Annual Tax Act until 2030 only with half the tax rate, ie 0.5 percent of the list price per month.
In the future, the new vehicles will have to create at least 60 kilometers purely electrically or emit a maximum of 50 grams of CO2 per kilometer. This corresponds to a two-liter car. From 2025, the cars will have to be able to drive 80 miles purely on electric power. Thus, hybrids would continue to be promoted as desired by BMW and Mercedes. Anyone who buys an electric delivery van should be able to write off half of the initial cost in the first year.
by (tagsToTranslate) Stephan Weil (t) SPD (t) Olaf Scholz (t) Germany (t) Daimler (t) BMW (t) VW (t) Volkswagen (t) Angela Merkel (t) E-car (t) E Mobility (t) Automotive (t) Electric Car (t) Subsidies (t) Environmental Management (t) VDA (t) BDEW (t) Olaf Scholz (t) Stephan Weil (t) Harald Krüger (t) Herbert Diess (t) Automotive