How would any "significant vote" work on the Prime Minister's Brexit agreement?
The parliamentarians of the opposition are likely to table amendments to any government motion to approve Johnson's Brexit agreement, and Bercow suggested that the "handwritten" amendments presented the same day could be accepted.
The parliamentarians of the opposition indicated that they would try to modify the agreement to try to "model" Brexit. This will probably include the attempt to organize a second EU referendum, the guarantee of a future customs union or the inclusion of guarantees on workers' rights and environmental protections.
The loss of another significant vote on the agreement could lead the Prime Minister to face a motion of opposition without confidence, paving the way for general elections and further obscuring the precise future of the Brexit process.
Johnson sent a letter to Brussels in search of a delay on Brexit?
Under the terms of the so-called Benn act, which was approved against the wishes of the Prime Minister, Johnson was forced to write to the EU requesting a three-month extension on Brexit if he had not obtained an agreement by 11.00 pm UK time on October 19th. He told the Municipalities on Saturday: "I will not negotiate a delay with the EU, nor will the law oblige me to do so".
But in the end he sent two letters to the President of the European Council, Donald Tusk. There was an unsigned photocopy of the request he was obliged to send under Benn's act, followed by a letter explaining why the government really didn't want an extension. There was also an explanatory letter from Sir Tim Barrow, the United Kingdom Ambassador to the EU, which was sent to Jeppe Tranholm-Mikkelsen, the general secretary of the Council of the European Union.
Will the EU accept an extension?
Despite the president of the European Commission, Jean-Claude Juncker, raising doubts about the likelihood of another Brexit delay, this decision must be taken by all 27 EU Member States remaining. The EU could establish a different length for an extension, shorter or longer than the three-month length mentioned in Benn's act.
The EU may decide not to formally respond to the Prime Minister's letter until it sees if Johnson can obtain the law on the withdrawal agreement from parliament this week. If the Prime Minister gets control, there could be a special meeting of EU leaders on October 28th.
If the agreement takes more time in that phase to get past the parliament, the leaders could agree on a brief "technical" extension.