Starting from: 20.09.2019 11:03 o'clock
Sweet or sour, crunchy green or juicy red: apples are the most popular fruit in Germany. On average, they eat about 20 kilograms of tasty vitamin bombs a year each. Apples are the ideal snack when traveling, because they are thirst-quenching and a healthy source of energy in one. Every third German apple comes from the old village south of Elba. The region is the largest adjacent fruit-growing area in Northern Europe. The harvest takes place there from August.
Buy apples: you should pay attention
Apples should always have a smooth and undamaged shell with no pressure points at the time of purchase. A shiny and firm skin indicates freshness and good preservation. If the former bud is sunk on the underside of the apple, this is a sign that the apple has been harvested ripe. Trust your nose: apples should have an aromatic apple smell. During cutting, the nuclei should appear brown-black. If possible, take the apples of the region: products with short transport distances are cooler and shorter distances also protect the environment.
Early varieties and conservation apples
In northern Germany, both early and conservation sites are cultivated. From the beginning of August to around the beginning of September, the early varieties arrive on the market. They cannot be kept for long, unlike the later apple varieties. The conservation apple season starts in September. These varieties ripen after harvesting and only then reach their optimal aroma. As they mature they become sweeter, because the starch residues are converted into sugar and glucose in the sweeter fructose. However, as the storage time increases, the vitamin content decreases, the fruit gradually loses its moisture, becomes wrinkled and floury. The pulp turns brown, the apple spoils.
Store the apples correctly at home
Proper storage can slow down the deterioration process. The ideal is a ventilated and cool basement room with high humidity and temperatures between two and six degrees. Under no circumstances should the fruits be frozen. Otherwise they will fail in a short time.
Put the apples freely on paper, shelves or wooden boards to keep them so they don't touch as much as possible. Regularly check the apples to spot any brown or rotten stains and fix those gears. In good condition, the apples are preserved after harvest for several weeks. Later the year the apples are harvested, the longer they can be stored
If you do not have a suitable basement room, you can alternatively store the fruits in plastic bags. The bags prevent the fruits from drying up and the "expired" carbon dioxide of the apples accumulates in the bag, creating a favorable microclimate. It is best to keep the fresh fruit and use a needle to make holes in the bags to allow excess moisture to escape.
Do not store apples and vegetables side by side
Because apples emit natural gas that matures in ethylene during storage, they should not be stored next to vegetables. Exceptions are some ethylene-insensitive species such as leafy vegetables, leeks and mushrooms.
Collect apples to the north
If you want to collect your apples, you don't have to own your garden. Many fruit farms in the old country offer visitors the opportunity to choose their own at certain weekends. Lovers of old apple varieties are in the Orchard Haseldorf in Haseldorfer's march to the right. There you can learn about a great variety of old varieties and even collect apples in small quantities for your personal use – without entrance fee, tax or check. The owner of the plantation is the state of Schleswig-Holstein. In the orchard there are about 180 different varieties of apples, plums and pears, which are no longer commercially available.