Cabo Frio promotes HIV prevention and early diagnosis actions through ‘Red December’

Activities alluding to the ‘Red December’ campaign will move health teams in the city of Cabo Frio, in the Lakes Region of Rio. A special program was set up to discuss the topic, with the aim of alerting the population about the importance of prevention and carrying out rapid testing for HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs).

Next Wednesday, the 7th, the Cabo Frio Health Secretariat will hold the seminar “Fighting HIV, Syphilis and other Sexually Transmitted Infections: How are we doing?”. The event will take place in the auditorium of Estácio de Sá University, from 8 am to 1 pm. According to the City Hall, the activities are aimed at health professionals from the municipal network.

The aim is to promote an analysis of epidemiological data, so that new paths can be traced for expanding the program already applied in the municipality.

“For 2023, a careful analysis of epidemiological data is essential, so that we can identify ways to expand the control of syphilis cases, the improvement of the necessary strategies to prevent events that have been observed, such as the occurrence in the municipality of death by HIV, identification of HIV-positive children and emergence of cases of neurosyphilis. For this reason, we are going to hold this seminar, which will guide our actions for the next year”, explained Apparecida Castorina Monteiro, coordinator of the IST/AIDS and Viral Hepatitis Program.

December 1st was chosen to celebrate World AIDS Day.

seminar schedule

According to the organizers, from 9:30 am to 11:00 am, the following topic will be discussed: ‘The STI Control Policy in the State of Rio de Janeiro and the STI Situation in the municipality of Cabo Frio’, with nurse Raphael Goulart.

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Next, ‘The decentralization of rapid testing and treatment in the municipality of Cabo Frio’, with biologist Sandra Araujo Rabelo Silva and the coordinator of the Municipal Public Health Laboratory of Cabo Frio, nurse Cristiane Pereira Sampaio.

Then, the topic addressed will be ‘The impact of Syphilis on the Women’s Hospital’. The mediator of this round will be the doctor Apparecida Castorina.

Between 11:30 am and 12:30 pm, the conversation is about ‘Women, health and sexuality: the feminization of HIV and STIs’, with doctor Maria do Espírito Santo Tavares dos Santos and ‘Living with HIV/AIDS’, with Jussara Portugal. The mediator will be Ana Lúcia Ribeiro Mendonça.

Cabo Frio offers tests in several health units | Photo: Disclosure/City Hall of Cabo Frio

Where to take the HIV test in Cabo Frio?

The Cabo Frio Health Department also provides rapid tests to detect the disease at Hospital Dia, located at Rua Expedicionários da Pátria, s/nº, in São Cristóvão (behind São José Operário Municipal Hospital). The service is from Monday to Friday, from 8 am to 5 pm.

Currently, the unit is a reference in the treatment of STIs, HIV/AIDS and viral hepatitis, offering the service free of charge for the diagnosis of HIV, syphilis, hepatitis B and C.

The tests can also be done at the Family Health Strategies (ESF), Women’s Hospital, Emergency Care Units (UPA) and Psychosocial Assistance Center (CAPS).

Number of cases not Brazil

The country registered an increase in AIDS cases among young people aged between 15 and 29 years. This is what the latest HIV/AIDS Epidemiological Bulletin, released by the Ministry of Health, points out about data for 2021.

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The numbers show that there has been a drop in the number of new cases of the syndrome over the last 10 years across the country. Despite the good news, another estimate is worrying, because among young men aged 14 to 29 years, an increase in diagnoses was identified.

Between 2011 and 2021, a total of 52,513 young people with HIV, aged 15 to 24 years old, of both sexes, developed AIDS.

Overall, 35,246 new AIDS cases were recorded in 2021. Among men aged 14 to 29 years, notifications increased from 6,641 per year to 7,970. A 20% increase.

Cases in the state of Rio

According to a preliminary survey carried out by the Rio de Janeiro State Health Secretariat, the number of HIV infections showed an increase in notifications in almost all regions of the state, from 2020 to 2021.

The only exception was in the Metropolitan Region II, which covers seven municipalities: Itaboraí, Maricá, Niterói, Rio Bonito, São Gonçalo, Silva Jardim and Tanguá. In 2020, 4,015 cases were registered and, in 2021, there were 4,646.

The figures also show that, in relation to mortality, deaths have been falling systematically since 2015. The same occurs with the mortality rate, which has also been falling, from 10.6 per 100 thousand inhabitants, in 2015, to 8. 2 per 100 thousand inhabitants, in 2020.

The disease first appeared in Brazil in 1980, and has killed more than 30 million people worldwide. According to data from the World Health Organization (WHO), there are currently more than 38 million people living with HIV on the planet, more than half receiving treatment.

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HIV and AIDS are not the same thing

According to the Ministry of Health, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is caused by the HIV virus, but there are people living with HIV who go years without showing symptoms or developing the disease.

That is, Aids is the most advanced stage of HIV infection and arises when the person has opportunistic infections (which take advantage of the body’s weakness, such as tuberculosis and pneumonia) due to the low immunity caused by the virus. Therefore, the need for diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

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