The organizers of demonstrations in Sudan since 19 December have called for new anti-government rallies on Friday and next week, putting pressure on President Omar al-Bashir's regime.
"We launch a week of revolt with demonstrations in all cities and villages," said the Sudanese Association of Professionals on Friday, which includes doctors, teachers and engineers.
In its appeal on social networks, the association requested a large rally on Sunday in the north of Khartoum and several events in the capital on Thursday.
He had already asked for a rally after Friday prayers in the town of Atbara (250 km north of Khartoum), where the first event took place.
In the midst of the economic collapse, Sudan has been plagued since December 19 by the demonstrations provoked by the government's decision to triple the price of bread, but which quickly turned into a movement against President Omar al-Bashir, who holds the country of an iron fist from a coup in 1989.
A total of 22 people died in these anti-government demonstrations, according to an official report. Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International reported at least 40 deaths.
The current protests represent the biggest challenge that Bashir has faced in nearly 30 years of power, according to experts.
But they remain skeptical about the organizers' ability to mobilize en masse.
"Some opposition groups and unions are trying to mobilize for new demonstrations, and they're probably thinking about how to raise the level (the challenge) to power," said Matt Ward, Africa's specialist at the time. ; Oxford Analytica Analysis Center. .
"The protests are persistent but they have not increased in intensity significantly" in recent days, he said, however.
– Economic crisis –
The protest movement was triggered by rising bread prices in mid-December, but Sudan is prey to an economic crisis that has worsened in the last year, including a severe shortage of foreign currency.
Lack of food and fuel have been reported regularly in several cities including Khartoum, while the price of food and medicine has more than doubled.
From the independence of South Sudan in 2011, Sudan lost three quarters of its oil reserves and is now facing an inflation rate of almost 70% in the year and a severe currency crisis.
Sudanese officials continue to blame Washington for the economic ills of Sudan.
For his detractors, President Bashir's regime is responsible for the economic crisis, mismanagement and spending of most of the security forces' budget in the face of conflicts in recent years in several provinces of the country.
These wars, together with the inability to boost agriculture in a fixed-term country like the granary of Africa, have led to a terrible economic situation, since the United States has revoked the 39, trade embargo 2017 did not have the expected profits, analysts say.
On Wednesday, however, President Bashir showed his firmness at a gathering of support organized around him in Khartoum.
"This rally sends a message to those who think that Sudan will end up like the other countries that have been destroyed," he said.
"Those who tried to destroy Sudan … have set the conditions to solve our problems, but our dignity is worth more than dollars," he said in an apparent allusion to the commercial embargo imposed by Washington. in 1997, which was revoked only in 2017.
Thousands of people were arrested in three weeks of protests in Sudan, according to human rights groups, including activists, opposition leaders and journalists.
Britain, Norway, the United States and Canada have expressed concern over the demise of protesters and arrests and have warned that Khartoum's actions will have an "impact" on their relations.
According to Khartoum, their concerns are "prevented … and far from reality". "Sudan is committed to freedom of expression and peaceful protests," said the Foreign Ministry on Wednesday.