Catalan hospitals performed 1,159 organ transplants in 2018, up 3.9% from the previous year. It is the fifth consecutive year that increases the number of organ transplants, reaching 151.2 per million inhabitants. Increased liver transplants (13.8%), heart (18.3%), pulmonary (16.9%) and pancreatic (23.5%), but renal decreased 1.2% in 2018 due to decrease of live donation.
For the centers, most of the transplants occurred in 2018 were the Hebron Hospital of Vall, with 319 interventions, followed by the Bellvitge hospital and the Clínic hospital, respectively with 254 and 250.
According to data from the Organization for Catalan Transplantation (OCATT), the waiting list for a transplant in Catalan hospitals is between 60 and 70 days, except in the case of kidney transplantation, where it rises to 20 months.
The number of donuts fell by 1.9% compared to 2017, when a record was reached and reached 456 in 2018. In addition, the negative relatives increased significantly, reaching 18.7%, a fact that supposes that almost two out of ten relatives refuse the donation of organs and tissues of their relative.
According to the transplant coordinator of the Hospital of Vall d'Hebron, Teresa Pont, this evolution is due to the change of the protocol five years ago. According to Pont explained, he now asks the relatives of the person who has to die if they want to give the organs and, because of the nervousness for the situation, some say they do not want to do it. First, however, only relatives were asked once the person was already dead.
Record of pediatric transplants
Between the Children's Hospital of Vall d'Hebron and the Sant Joan de Déu Hospital, in 2018, 42 and 11, 53 pediatric transplants were performed, a figure that represents the historical maximum in Catalonia. Of these, 25 were kidneys, 15 liver, 8 heart and 5 lungs. For donors, 28 were cadaver donors and 12 live kidney and liver donors.