The Spanish autonomous communities have already started the 2020 flu vaccination campaign. This year vaccination has been advanced to reduce the incidence of influenza during the winter months.
He Ministry of Health has emphasized the importance of vaccination this year to avoid a health collapse with cases of flu and coronavirus. In addition, avoiding contracting the flu through vaccination facilitates, according to health institutions, the diagnosis of COVID-19, since the symptoms are very similar and could be confused.
Who should get a flu shot?
The flu vaccine is available to the entire population. However the Ministry of Health recommends vaccination for the following population groups:
-Older people, preferably over 65.
-People between 6 months and 65 years old at high risk of complications derived from the flu. These complications can be diabetes, obesity, kidney diseases, circulation problems, liver diseases, neurological diseases, diseases in the immune system, cancer patients, celiac disease or people with Down syndrome.
–People who can pass the flu to others who are at risk of complications, for example students in practices in health centers, people who provide care at home, living with risk groups, staff of geriatric institutions, etc.
-Health and social health personnel.
-Workers of state security forces and bodies, firefighters, civil protection, prison institutions and health emergencies.
-People with occupational exposure to domestic birds, pigs on farms and wild birds.
-Minors between 6 months and 2 years who were born after less than 32 weeks of gestation.
In addition, the Vaccine Advisory Committee and the Spanish Association of Pediatrics recommend that, being risk groups, The following groups of people are also vaccinated:
-People who live with children under 6 months.
-Women in the puerperal period (in the 6 months after delivery) if they were not vaccinated during pregnancy.
Who should not be vaccinated?
The vaccine is contraindicated in children under six months of age, people allergic to any of the components of the vaccine and patients who have manifested a serious allergic reaction to the vaccine.
Further, Nor can those who have a fever or have a serious infection be vaccinated. These patients will have to wait for their ailments to subside before receiving treatment.
The Ministry of Health does not advise against its use in people allergic to eggs, since “all the studies that have analyzed the use of the vaccine against influenza in patients allergic to eggs indicate that serious allergic reactions in these people are very unlikely.” However, the Vaccine Advisory Committee states that the doctor should be consulted in this situation.
In addition, its use is not recommended in healthy minors, since they have minimal risks of suffering complications.
What are the main side effects?
The flu shot it shares the side effects presented in other injectables, such as pain or swelling in the area where the puncture is received. Also, although less likely, headaches, muscle aches, fatigue, low-grade fever or general malaise may occur. An allergic reaction to the vaccine can also develop, so it is recommended to remain under medical supervision for up to 15 to 20 minutes after receiving the drug.