While local institutions decide who will exercise power until new elections are held, the governments of Latin America were reacting according to their own interpretation of a political and social crisis that is now three weeks old.
The presidential elections of October 20 in Bolivia, The preliminary count of which was abruptly interrupted by the electoral authority for about 24 hours, left a complex scenario that sparked protests from both government officials and opponents.
In his resignation, Morales denounced what described as a coup planned by sectors of the opposition, police and civic groups.
The opposition, for its part, assures that since Morales’ controversial candidacy for reelection ?? rejected in a referendum but allowed by the Electoral Tribunal ??, the government had already been committing electoral irregularities.
And that the interruption of the count on the 20th, when the results predicted a second round, ended up materializing what they called a “fraud.”
But what is the vision of the leaders of the region and the world?
Countries that support Evo Morales
Most of the countries that showed their support for Evo Morales defined what happened in Bolivia as a coup.
“It is a coup,” said the foreign minister, Marcelo Ebrard, “because the Army requested the resignation of the president and that violates the constitutional order in that country.”
The government of Mexico granted political asylum to the former president of Bolivia, considering that his life is at risk in his country.
“It entered an area not foreseen in the Constitution”, indicated the chancellor.
The Uruguayan government expressed in a statement its “dismay at the breakdown of the rule of law in the Plurinational State of Bolivia, which forced President Evo Morales to leave power and plunged the country into chaos and violence.”
“Uruguay considers that there is no argument that can justify these acts, particularly after President Morales announced a few hours before his intention to call new elections, based on the report produced by the electoral mission of the Organization of American States.”
The President of Venezuela, Nicolás Maduro, He also spoke of a coup, adding that it was supposedly financed by the United States.
“If they think they are going to replicate the fascism applied by the right wing in Bolivia, they are very wrong. Here we are going to apply the law with a heavy hand,” he said, in a version that was supported by the high-ranking political and military leaders of Chavismo.
For his part, the opposition leader and proclaimed president in charge of the country, Juan Guaidó, celebrated what he considered “breezes” from a “democratic hurricane” that would be spreading through the region.
The Central American country expressed itself in terms similar to Venezuela.
“The Nicaraguan government strongly denounces and condemns the coup that took place today,” reads a statement issued this Monday.
“We express our rejection and repudiation of fascist practices that ignore the constitution, laws and institutions that govern the democratic life of nations.”
The Cuban President, Miguel Díaz-Canel, expressed on Twitter his “strong condemnation of the coup” in Bolivia.
Russia, for its part, called on Monday to “find a constitutional solution” to the crisis in Bolivia after what it also called a “coup d’état.”
“It is deeply concerned (…) that the willingness of the (Bolivian) government to seek constructive solutions based on dialogue has been overwhelmed by the development of events, which followed a pattern of a coup,” said the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Russian in a statement.
This Monday it was also learned that the Russian state television network RT offered Morales a position as a presenter on its Spanish channel, in which the former president of Ecuador Rafael Correa also has a space for two years.
Countries that do not support it
Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro welcomed the events in Bolivia.
“Allegations of electoral fraud resulted in the resignation of President Evo Morales. The lesson for us is the need, in the name of democracy and transparency, to count the votes that can be audited. The VOTE is a sign of clarity for Brazil! “, The Brazilian president tweeted.
Denunciations of election fraud culminated in the resignation of President Evo Morales. The lesson that remains for us is the need, in the name of democracy and transparency, to count votes that can be audited. PRINTED VOTE is a sign of clarity for Brazil!
& ?? Jair M. Bolsonaro (@jairbolsonaro)
The government of Donald Trump called Morales’ resignation a “significant moment for democracy in the Western Hemisphere.”
“The United States applauds the people of Bolivia for demanding freedom and the Bolivian military for fulfilling their oath to comply not only with one person, but with the Constitution.”
“These events are a strong signal to the illegitimate regimes of Venezuela and Nicaragua that democracies and the will of the people will prevail,” Trump added in a statement.
A particular situation is that of Argentina, country in which it occurred a duplicity of versions in the middle of the government transition.
The acting government of Mauricio Macri He does not see “elements to define as a coup,” in the words of the Foreign Minister, Jorge Faurie, since “the Armed Forces have not assumed power.”
The official denied that Morales and other Bolivian officials had requested asylum in that country.
However, the president-elect, Alberto Fernandez, he asked Macri to condemn what he considers a coup, in addition to hoping for protection for those “persecuted by the coup.”
Those who advocate new elections and “peaceful transition”
A group of countries in the region did not refer to the events that caused Morales to leave the presidency and later the country.
But they expressed the need for new elections in Bolivia to guarantee a “peaceful transition.”
The Peruvian government made “its best wishes for the prompt reestablishment of peaceful coexistence among all Bolivians, on the basis of full respect for democratic institutions and the holding of general elections with due guarantees of transparency and support from the Organization of States. Americans and other international bodies “.
The Colombian government invited “the representatives of the State institutions, of the different political parties and of society as a whole to work hand in hand to guarantee a peaceful transition process, in strict adherence to the constitutional provisions that govern the legal system”.
The Ecuadorian government expressed “its confidence that the peaceful and democratic vocation of the Bolivian people will contribute to the full restoration of the democratic system within the framework of the Constitution and the law, with the organization of new, free and transparent elections, called by a renewed electoral tribunal. and accompanied by the participation of friendly countries, the OAS and other international mechanisms “.
The Central American country “joins the calls for dialogue that allow the different actors of Bolivian society, political parties and state representatives to work together to achieve a peaceful transition following the constitutional provisions of that country.”
Through a statement, the Spanish government called “all Bolivian political actors to work through institutional and peaceful means to make it possible to call new elections as soon as possible.”
“This new convocation, supervised by new electoral authorities in line with the preliminary recommendations of the OAS audit, should make it possible to restore confidence in the electoral process, as a channel for the democratic expression of popular will. This is the appropriate way for the country comes out of the current crisis “.