Doctors who released CT scans of children after they were infected with the deadly Corona virus, warned that hospitalized patients may suffer from lung damage.
The Boston Children’s Hospital team evaluated computerized tomography of children’s cases of COVID-19 to see the most common features.
The results found that children with ground glass opacity (GGO), an indication of the spread of inflammation.
They have what is known as the “corona sign,” which is a dark halo that appears around the artery lumen when photographing using ultrasound, and appears when the inflammation surrounds a mass known as “condensation.”
Condensation makes it difficult to breathe because the air sacs in the lungs are filled with substances such as fluids or infection.
Doctors led by radiologist Alexandra Fust began to compare COVID-19 damage to other similar respiratory diseases.
The team looked at SARS and coronavirus associated with Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), both related coronaviruses, and swine flu (H1N1), a strain of influenza, and pneumonia caused by e-cigarette smoking (EVALI), a newly discovered condition.
Since SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, is very new, evidence for its effects on health is limited, especially for children.
Data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention indicate that only 1.7% of the diagnosed COVID-19 cases are under the age of 18.
Dr. Fust and her colleagues collected five studies and observed the most obvious changes in the lungs of children, and published their findings in the American Journal of Roentgenology.
The results found that all children patients had lesions (abnormally damaged or altered) in the wall of the lungs. More than half of them had bilateral lesions on the lungs, meaning for both sides, while 30% had lesions on only one lung.
Six out of ten patients had ground glass opacity (GGO), a cloudy cloud over the lungs indicating a variety of problems, and could mean that the lungs are partially filled with inflammatory material, and there is thickening of lung tissue or partial collapse of the alveoli and fine air sacs. For the lungs.
Half of the sample also recorded condensation, which is the air spaces in their lungs filled with a substance, usually pus, blood or water, surrounded by the edge of the opacity of the ground glass, and although it is a common feature of lung disease, it may be more distinctive to COVID-19.
The doctors responsible for this study, which was published in pediatric lung disease, said that “condensation was common in pediatric patients and was different from adults.”
Condensation is a symptom of pneumonia and can also cause breathing problems because inhalation of air cannot penetrate the mass.
Dr. Fust confirmed that the aura sign looks unique to COVID-19 compared to other diseases, according to Medical Xpress reports, but imaging features usually overlap each other.
Source: Daily Mail