Unemployed people increased 70 percent in the country in July, compared to the same month in 2019, but in Bogotá, the increase in unemployed was 150 percent.
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In this way, with the hard blow of the pandemic at work, out of every hundred new unemployed in July throughout the country, 36 were workers from Bogotá. And while in the country, the unemployment rate was 20.2 percent, in the capital of the country it reached 26.1 percent.
“The capital had an increase of 691,000 unemployed people in July compared to the same month last year, which leads to an unemployment rate of 26.1 percent,” said Juan Daniel Oviedo, director of Dane.
According to Dane, the number of unemployed in the country went from 2.7 million people to 4.6 million, while in Bogotá, it went from 450,000 people to 1.15 million. Thus, of the 1.9 million additional unemployed in the country, 691,000 were in Bogotá.
Unemployment in July, at 20.2 percent, represents an increase of 9.5 percentage points compared to the same month last year, as a result of measures to contain the pandemic.
Regarding the employed population, this was 18 million people in July, 4.15 million less than in the same month of 2019. In the 13 main cities of Colombia and their metropolitan areas, this population was 8.5 million. people, which reflects a reduction of 2.4 million compared to July 2019.
In July this year the country’s inactive population (that is, those who do not work and are not unemployed) was 17.3 million people, which represents an increase of 2.8 million compared to the same month in 2019.
Strong urban impact
While the analyzes of the Dane show that job losses are beginning to be felt strongly in smaller cities and municipal seats, it is clear that the 13 main cities and their metropolitan areas have the highest share of unemployment in Colombia. The total of its unemployed population was 2.8 million people, compared to the 1.3 million that showed up in July 2019, that is, 1.5 million more.
There is an exacerbation of the gender gap in the labor market (…) for every man who left the employed population in July, two women left
The official drew attention to the impact that the destruction of jobs is having on women: “There is an exacerbation of the gender gap in the labor market; in July, the reduction of 4.15 million employed persons has a burden against them, specifically those between 25 and 54 years of age (1.7 million fewer employed persons are women); for every man who left the occupied population in July, two women left, “he said.
This greater female involvement is largely explained by the sectors in which they worked and are the most affected by restrictions and quarantines imposed by the pandemic.
According to Dane, general trade and vehicle repair activities continued to increase the contraction of their employed in July.
“Specifically, of the 4.15 million people who are not among the employed, about 844,000 left that sector; another 690,000 left the range of artistic activities, recreation, entertainment and other services (including domestic); 636,000 people came out of accommodation and food services, and 504,000 people came from manufacturing industries, ”said Oviedo.
In other words, about three-quarters of the contraction of the employed population occurred in these four activities, some of which have high female participation.
The Dane analysis indicate that at least 360 thousand people lost their jobs in domestic services, tasks that are performed by 95 percent by women.
Young people, like women, were hit hard by job loss at this juncture. In the quarter May – July 2020 the rate of unemployment among Colombians aged 14 to 28 it was 29.7 percent, with an increase of 12.2 percentage points compared to the same quarter of the previous year.
Another sector that is still very affected is that of accommodation and food service, which showed a contraction of 93 percent of the population employed in activities that include bars, liquor stores, restaurants, cafeterias and mobile food services.
In contrast, the area of supply of electricity, gas, water and waste management registered an increase of 71 thousand employed persons.
The director of Dane also emphasized the fact that 60 percent of job losses during the pandemic are concentrated in companies or economic units with fewer than ten employees. It is estimated that of the total the contraction of 4.15 million employed in July, almost 2.5 million left these small companies.
The worst and best performing cities
The national unemployment rate for the May – July 2020 quarter was 20.5 percent, that is, 10.3 percentage points more than that registered in the same period last year.
In the 13 main cities and their metropolitan areas, the unemployment rate was 24.7 percent, 13.9 percentage points more than the rate presented in the same period of 2019.
According to Dane, the occupancy rate in Colombia for the mobile quarter May – July 2020 was 44.8 percent, and in the 13 cities and metropolitan areas it was 45.3 percent. Compared to the same quarter of 2019, there were decreases of 11.9 percentage points and 13.8 points, respectively.
The cities with the highest unemployment rates were Neiva, with 37.4 percent; Ibagué, 35.5% percent, and Popayan, 33.5 percent. Neiva was the worst performing city, increasing its unemployment rate by 24.2 percentage points compared to the same quarter of 2019.
By contrast, the cities with the lowest unemployment rates were Barranquilla and the metropolitan area, with 14.1 percent; Quibdó, with 17.9 percent, and Cartagena, with 20.5 percent. Quibdó registered the best performance with a decrease of 0.8 percentage points in its unemployment rate compared to the moving quarter May – July 2019.
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