Definition | Ketogenic Diet – Ketogenic Diet – Futura-Sciences

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the ketogenic diet is a diet that aims to put the body in a situation of ketosis, that is to say use ketones instead of the usual carbohydrates, as a source of energy. Ketosis can also be achieved by fasting. The ketogenic diet consists of strongly limiting the intake of carbohydrates (less than 50 grams a day) and increasing the intake of fats, maintaining a constant protein intake.

To reduce the intake of carbohydrates, the ketogenic diet prohibits cereals, refined sugars, sugary products, pasta, bread, potatoes, legumes … On the contrary, the ketogenic diet admits the consumption of meat, fish, eggs, dairy products, unsweetened fruit, vegetables without starch (salads, spinach, cabbage, zucchini …), nuts, seeds, oils …

Health benefits of the ketogenic diet

Proponents of the ketogenic diet often choose it to lose weight and avoid cravings. The diet is also interesting for people who want to limit carbohydrate intake. However, there is also the risk of constipation and deficiency of vitamins and minerals, because some fruits and vegetables too rich in carbohydrates are limited or excluded: apple, pear, grapes, carrots, onions … Discuss with your doctor if you want to follow a ketogenic diet.

The ketogenic diet has long been known treatment of epilepsy. Since ancient times, fasting has been known to reduce the frequency of epileptic convulsions. The ketogenic diet designed for epileptics in 1921 was designed to mimic the effects of fasting. He has returned in the 1990s and now attracts interest in other diseases such as diabetes, Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and cancer. For example, in a small study of 2017diabetics who were overweight and at risk were on a ketogenic diet for a year; they lost 7.9 kg on average, reduced drug use and improved their blood glucose level.

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