The ultraviolet telescope of the Russian satellite Mikhailo Lomonosov discovered optical phenomena in the upper layers of the earth's atmosphere, whose nature is not clear at this time.
The device was able to detect powerful "explosions" of light in the earth's atmosphere, he said. Mikhail Panasiuk, Director of the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Moscow State University, cited by RIA Novosti.
"It seems that these are new physical phenomena (…) we do not yet know what their physical nature is," said the scientist.
He explained that, at the height of a few tens of miles, the Lomonosov satellite repeatedly recorded "a very strong explosion of light", while below it there was nothing, neither clouds nor storms.
He also emphasized the presence of other light phenomena in the earth's atmosphere and a part of them is well known. They are the so-called sprites, electrical discharges occurring in the mesosphere and in the thermosphere, e Elves, light emissions on top of a storm cloud.
The Lomonosov satellite is designed to study cosmic rays and light phenomena in the upper atmosphere of our planet (the layer of gas that surrounds the Earth). It was launched in orbit in 2016 and is equipped with a space telescope, which is responsible for measuring cosmic rays.
Explosions of ultraviolet radiation often occur in the Earth's atmosphere. Although they are associated with electrical storms, the light flares detected occurred in the absence of storm clouds and lightning, so the nature of these phenomena is still unknown.