DISCOVERY – The lives of millions of patients could be interrupted. The Dutch doctors have announced that they have recently tested 50 diabetic patients with an innovative treatment that can eliminate the need for insulin injections.
– Charlotte Anglade
A year ago, the French Federation of Diabetics launched an extensive online survey of patients and their relatives. The results, which will help to better assess the management of diabetes and people with diabetes, will be unveiled this Wednesday, November 7, during the General States of Diabetes. And while over 3.5 million French people suffer from this metabolic disorder, research and innovation in its treatment seem essential.
A discovery, quite recently revealed, could also change the lives of millions of patients. A treatment, already tested in London, was given to fifty diabetic patients from the University Hospital of Amsterdam. It allows the treated persons to stabilize their disease or forget the insulin injections so far essential for their health. And according to Dutch doctors, this would be "promising".
Diabetes stable in 90% of cases
Patients who underwent this operation were introduced a mouth tube up to the small intestine, at the end of which a balloon was found. This was full of hot water to burn the mucosa. This intervention has allowed the renewal, in two weeks, of the cells of the membrane and the marked improvement in the health of the patient, reports the guardian.
In 90% of cases, patients' diabetes has been stable for over a year. A fact that suggests to scientists that the absorption of nutrients through the mucous membrane of the small intestine and the development of resistance to insulin, a hormone secreted by the pancreas that allows glucose to enter the cells of the body , are related in type 2 diabetics.
"Thanks to this treatment, the use of insulin can be postponed and perhaps avoided", says Jacques Bergman, professor of gastroenterology at the University Hospital of Amsterdam. "In these people we saw a noticeable improvement in blood sugar levels one day after the operation." Researchers now believe that treatment could also reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, kidney failure, blindness or numbness in the hands and feet, which are among the complications of diabetes.
A hope for 3.5 million diabetics in France
It is not yet certain that the effects of the operation are really sustainable, but in order to answer the pending questions, a new international study is being prepared. One hundred people with diabetes are currently recruited. 2. This time it will be patients who do not inject insulin yet but only follow a pharmacological treatment.
In France, more than 3.5 million people have diabetes. A figure that has been steadily increasing for several years. And this without counting the patients who do not know each other. Because, in the most common form of diabetes, type 2, which affects about nine out of ten patients, the metabolic disorder can develop for several years without symptoms. Type 2 diabetes, which primarily affects adults, can be treated with diet alone, with oral medications or with insulin injections. Type 1 diabetes affects about 10% of patients and occurs mainly in children or young adults. These people are unable to secrete insulin, as the pancreatic beta cells have been destroyed. For them, insulin injections are vital.