But NGOs warn: “Enough alarmism about landings” while the deputy of Leu Erasmo Palazzotto, member of the Foreign Affairs Commission,Luigi Di Maio attacks for his statement “it is an emergency, the boats must be put out of order”, in an interview with Corriere della Sera.
“Destroying the boats – comments Palazzotto – the only means of escape for people trapped in concentration camps in Libya, if it is possible, would be a cruel and ruthless act. Think if the Americans or other states during the Second World War had said we sink the ships with which Jews flee from Europe. We are facing an unprecedented dehumanization of politics, to what Hannah Arendt would have called banal evil. ”
Orfini: “But what agreement, all postponed”
Matteo Orfini, Democratic Party MP always engaged on the migrants source, spare no criticism. “If it is said that there is an agreement but it is postponed to September – thunders Orfini – the news is not that there is an alleged agreement but that for the umpteenth time nothing is done and it is postponed”.
“Once again – the Pd member of Parliament increases the dose – you choose not to decide and Salvini’s laws are still there. In addition, the slap of members of the government who use words and arguments, is the case for example Luigi Di But I”.
The new points of the agreement include the cancellation of millionaire fines for NGO ships, the widening of the possibility of accessing humanitarian protection, the revision of the Siproimi reception system, the possibility for asylum seekers to register in the municipal registry . The text will be brought to the attention of the local autonomies, but for approval in the Council of Ministers it will be discussed again in September.
Matteo Mauri (Pd), deputy minister of the interior, says: “In the changes we have gone far beyond the observations of the President of the Republic and we have put in black and white a very advanced text, which also introduces absolute novelties. This is a very result considerable, even more so if we think about where we started. A result that will be presented to the local authorities “.
Satisfied Emanuele Fiano, of the national secretariat dem: “If there had been no Pandemic and the Lockdown – he said – we would have signed this agreement on the modification of the security decrees 6 months ago, but still the agreement of this night is very important , expresses a common idea of security, free from propaganda and from the idea that there are human beings that we can forget only to follow a political plan, as was the case for the former Interior Minister, however, denied by the Constitutional Court itself ” .
“We don’t want to review the decrees just because they don’t correspond to a sense of humanity – said Andrea Orlando, deputy national secretary of the Democratic Party, guest of ‘Agorà estate’, on Rai3 – but also because they make it difficult at this stage to trace the flows in the light of Covid-19 “. What is the position of the Democratic Party, that of Minniti or Fini ? ” The position is that of the Democratic Party ”, he replies, specifying: “We want to take up the thread of the reasoning made in Malta, that is, of a common responsibility at European level”.
“Very positive agreement – is the comment of Davide Faraone, president of the senators of Italia viva – we eliminate the incentive to clandestinity and therefore greater security for the Italians, we restore the reception and integration models that work and it is no longer a crime to save lives at sea”.
NGOs: “No more alarms on landings”
“Enough alarmism about the landings. Sinking the boats is not the solution. We need to govern the flows, also to guarantee safety and health control over who arrives”. The NGOs involved in the rescue and reception of migrants admit “an acceleration in arrivals”, but according to the numbers deny that we can speak of “national emergency”. The real emergency remains “Libya and saving lives at sea”.
This year the landings started to increase again, after the collapse in mid 2017. At 30 July, migrants arriving by sea reached 13,381, almost as many as throughout 2019, but far from the peaks of 2014 (170 thousand ) and 2016 (181 thousand). It should also be remembered that in the period 2010-2019 Greece recorded almost double the arrivals compared to Italy.
The Tunisia case
In 2020, 39% of those arriving in Italy come from Tunisia (5,243 so far), a country with which Italy has readmission agreements: in short, those arriving from Tunis must be repatriated on paper.
The real emergency in Libya
“First a consideration of reality: just over 13,000 migrants have arrived in Italy to date. We try to bring in an alarmism that risks being outside any connection with the data – says Valeria Carlini, spokesman for the Italian Council for Refugees – we know very well that these numbers must be read in light of the problems that Covid 19 is imposing on us, distorting the lives of all of us. For this reason, we believe it is essential to prepare a plan to set up an adequate reception to face a complex problem.
Since the beginning of the pandemic, we have asked that rescue and rescue operations at sea should not be stopped, but that migrants who spontaneously arrived in Italy or be rescued should be welcomed in suitable structures, which can guarantee compliance with the prescribed measures for the prevention of infection. A rescue strategy and reception management is needed, from rescue and first aid to isolation, up to taking charge in existing centers. This is really urgent. We also believe that there is a real emergency in the Mediterranean, but that it concerns Libya and saving lives at sea. Which is increasingly difficult and less effective after the dismantling of any type of rescue system. ”
Humanitarian corridors and flow management
Even Francesco Petrelli of Oxfam Italia starts from the numbers: “We are certainly facing an acceleration of arrivals in the last few days, which often happens in the heart of summer. But we cannot speak of a wave, an invasion or anything else. Just look compared to the emergencies that we had in the past, today we are faced with low and well-managed numbers. Sinking the boats is not the solution. Instead, it is renewing and expanding bilateral agreements with the countries of origin of migrants. , to govern the phenomenon and guarantee its safety also in terms of health. The opposition “welcome them all” or “reject them all” does not make sense. It takes humanitarian corridors to bring those who have the right to Europe without risking losing their lives in travel”.