Meningitis is a rare but dangerous disease. In Germany, about four out of every one million people fall ill each year. Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges that is usually caused by viruses. Rare, but much more dangerous is a meningitis caused by bacteria.
The disease can be transmitted by kisses, close contact with the body or even playing together. Signs and symptoms are common: high fever, head and body pain or nausea and vomiting. Patients often also complain of a stiff neck or pain when bending. Children under the age of five and adolescents are among the special risk groups. In order to avoid the disease, since 2006 STIKO recommends a one-off vaccination against meningococci C to all children at the second year of age and it is recommended to children and adolescents who have not received a vaccination up to 18 years to recover the first possible.