How sweet it is not – drinking sugary drinks has been associated with a greater risk of death from cardiovascular disease, especially among women, according to a new report from the American Heart Association's Circulation magazine.
Furthermore, exchanging a sweetened drink a day, like a soda or a sports drink, with an artificially sweetened drink (using low-calorie or non-caloric sweeteners like Stevia, Splenda or NutraSweet) has been associated with a slight decrease in mortality risk, sipping too many artificial sweeteners becomes too risky. Drinking four or more of these artificially sweetened drinks was associated with a greater risk of death among women.
Previous studies have found a correlation between sweetened soft drinks and weight gain, as well as between sugary drinks and weight-related health problems, such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. A couple of reports from the Framingham Heart Study (FHS) of the Boston University Medical Center in 2017 linked sugary sipping drinks with poor memory and smaller brain volume – and a daily dietary soda habit was linked to a much higher risk high suffering and dementia stroke.
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But the new report from the American Heart Association and the Harvard T.H. Chan's School of Public Health analyzed data from two large longitudinal studies to determine whether sugary sugary drinks or artificially sweetened drinks would be worse for life expectancy. The researchers studied 37,716 men in the follow-up study of health professionals (started in 1986) and 80,647 women in a nursing health study (started in 1976), controlling other dietary factors, physical activity and Body mass index (BMI).
Those who drank two or more sugary drinks a day were associated with an increased risk of death of 31% for cardiovascular diseases and an 18% increase in the risk of death from cancer in men and women, compared to those who they drank less than a sweet drink a month. But if sorted by gender, syrupy sips seemed particularly harmful to women: those who had more than two a day (with a portion defined as a glass, a bottle or a standard can) saw a 63% increased risk of death Early, while the men who did the same saw a 29% increase in risk. Cardiovascular disease has been the leading cause of premature death, followed by cancer (mainly colon and breast cancer).
"Drinking water instead of sugary drinks is a healthy choice that could contribute to longevity," said Vasanti Malik, lead author of the article, in a note. "Diet soda can be used to help regular consumers of sugary drinks reduce their consumption, but water is the best and healthiest choice."
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Drinking a 12-ounce can of soda adds on average between 140 and 150 calories and 35-37.5 grams of sugar, he observed the American Heart Association, naming sugary drinks as the main source of added sugars in the average American diet .
But even the replacement of those drinks with low or zero calorie drinks flavored with artificial sweeteners should be done in moderation. While the substitution of a drink sweetened with sugar with an artificially sweetened drink a day was associated with a 4% lower risk of overall mortality (and a 5% lower risk of death from cardiovascular disease and a lower risk of 4% death) for cancer), women who drank four or more artificially sweetened drinks a day, in particular, were associated with a higher risk of death.
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The researchers noted that this result was not considered as strong as the possible association between sugary drinks and an increased risk of death, and requires further research. More research is needed to understand why sugary drinks seem to have such a damaging effect on women's health, in particular. A study published in the journal Stroke last month also found that women aged 50 and over who drink more than one artificially sweetened drink a day have a higher risk of heart attack, heart attack or premature death.
Two of the largest producers of sugary drinks, Coca Cola Co.
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, did not respond to MarketWatch requests for comments by publication time.
The American Beverage Association, which describes itself as the voice for the non-alcoholic beverage industry in the United States, responded in a statement to MarketWatch that: "Non-alcoholic beverages, like all beverages produced by our industry, "They are safe to consume as part of a balanced diet. The sugar used in our drinks is the same as in other food products. We don't think anyone should exceed sugar, which is why we are working to reduce sugar consumed by beverages throughout the country." "Furthermore, low calorie sweeteners have been repeatedly confirmed as safe by regulatory bodies around the world."
He added that "We are leveraging our strengths in marketing and innovation to interest people in options with less sugar and zero sugar and in smaller packages. We are creating more drinks with less or no sugar and we are making available "Smaller bottles and more available options, while increasing consumer demand for these options through our marketing. Today, 50% of all purchased drinks contain zero sugar."
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In fact, US soda consumption fell to a minimum of 31 years in 2016, according to Beverage Digest. And people bought more bottled water than soda in 2017, drinking 13.2 billion liters of water (compared to just 9.5 billion in 2012) compared to 12.3 billion liters of soda (which is dropped from 13.3 billion gallons in 2012).
The producers of sugary drinks are thus diversifying their projects to satisfy the healthiest tastes. Pepsi acquired SodaStream as a home producer of seltz last year for $ 3.2 billion, as did Bare Foods, which produces dry snacks of fruit and vegetables, at an undeclared price. Last month he also announced that he had purchased CytoSport, producer of Muscle Milk. Coca-Cola has re-launched its Coke Zero and Diet Coke brands and launched brilliant versions of its Dasani and SmartWater products last year, when it also acquired the Topo Chico mineral water brand.
Sparkling water generated approximately $ 49 million in sales in 2018 alone, up 22% from the previous year, reports Nielsen. And the sparkling water category – including drinks like club soda and seltzer – has grown by 54% over the past four years.
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