Drought decree, the North towards the “red zone”: the six regions at risk of water rationing

Il drought decree arriving next week it will define a “red zone” in much of the Po Valley. Piedmont, Lombardy, Veneto ed Emilia Romagna they are the four regions most affected by the emergency in the North. But at the center in difficulty there are also the Marche and the Lazio. Meanwhile, the Civil Protection has issued the yellow alert for five regions (Veneto, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Lombardy and sectors of Piedmont and Trentino Alto Adige) for the risk of thunderstorms. But the rain will not be enough to get out of the emergency. Meanwhile, the governor in Friuli Fedriga signs the “state of water suffering”. A prodrome to the state of emergency coming from the Draghi government. And there are hundreds of municipalities that have issued ordinances to limit the use of drinking water to hygienic and domestic needs and dozens of those who have delivery suspended during the night.

A Dpcm for water rationing

The Stampa writes that Palazzo Chigi prepares a Decree of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers (Dpcm). The ministerial decree will provide for two types of intervention. The first will be the safeguard of the agricultural sector. The state of exceptional atmospheric adversity can be proclaimed by giving way to indemnities “if the damage caused exceeds 30% of gross salable production”. The most important front, however, is that ofwater supply. The Civil Protection with the state of emergency will be able to issue ordinances to draw from the reservoirs. The water rationing is the most important measure. It will be able to involve up to an entire region and bring the most common savings measures. From the prohibition of use for non-domestic purposes to closing the taps at night.

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They may also come the stop at public fountains and bans for some urban uses such as washing of vehicles, irrigation of gardens, limitations on irrigation of annual crops. Rationing and the decrease in pressure have already begun in some areas of Piedmont and Lazio. In particular on the Alban Hills and in the province of Frosinone. In some cases it is linked to the emergency of the Po. And this is because a large part of the provinces of Ravenna and Ferrara is served by water purifiers who, more or less directly, fish from the great river. If in the final part of the Po the flow rate drops further, problems could begin. A scenario that could only be averted with further reductions in water withdrawals for agricultural irrigation. Meanwhile, local authorities are quarreling. In recent days, the Aosta Valley has made it known that it will not be able to help Piedmont.

The state of water suffering

The president of Basilicata Vito Bardi announced that he is ready to sign a provision to give water to Lucanian businesses before those of other regions, such as neighboring Puglia. The authority of Lake Garda has been in a dialectically complicated relationship with that of the Po for weeks. Meanwhile, the supplies of drinking water to homes are also starting to be considerably at risk. The tankers have been alerted. President Alberto Cirio invites the government to start with the state of emergency from Piedmont, one of the regions where the effects of drought are felt most, waiting for a more comprehensive picture. Fedriga, on the other hand, yesterday signed the “state of water suffering” for Friuli.

The decree establishes a derogation from the rule in force which provides for a minimum vital flow of water into rivers. Establishing that this quantity can reach, in some cases, even a value equal to zero. The place called into question by the governor is downstream from the taking of Zompitta. The lowering of the levels will thus allow to continue to feed the system of the canals of Udine, Palma and Cividina. The same thing is also allowed on the Isonzo river shaft, where the derogation from the minimum vital flow is allowed in moments in which flows of less than 40 cubic meters per second are released from the Salcano dam, while trying to maintain a minimum presence of water. in the river to Sagrado.

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How to save water: the examples of local authorities

On the domestic front, the provision signed by the governor obliges a correct administration of the flow coming from the artesian wells. Therefore it is allowed a water withdrawal for civil purposes only and limited to 200 liters per day per inhabitant. An ordinance for water saving has also arrived in Pesaro. The provision orders citizenship and throughout the municipal area the prohibition of withdrawal and consumption of water derived from the public aqueduct for irrigation and watering of vegetable gardens, gardens and lawns; washing of courtyard areas and squares; private washing of motor vehicles; the filling of swimming pools, ornamental fountains, garden tubs; for all uses other than domestic food and personal hygiene.

Even the Marche they go towards the request for a state of emergency. As well as the Lazio. In the territory of the Castelli Romani, where the two volcanic lakes, having no natural tributaries, depend mainly on rainfalls, which have dropped by more than 75%: this is the worst figure since the beginning of the century. In the Alban Hills, about 180,000 people risk water shifts. The drinking water shifts concern 22 municipalities in the province of Frosinone, while another 18 had a drop in blood pressure, affecting a total of 21,000 people. Meanwhile in the area of ​​Bereguardo (Pavia) a 43-year-old farmer was denounced by the carabinieri for having stolen water from an irrigation canal to ensure greater reach to your company. The East Ticino Villoresi reclamation consortium presented the complaint. The 43-year-old is accused of theft and damage to the bulkheads and padlocks that regulate the canal’s water flow.

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