I’m five millions and can not vote: non-resident, even on the occasion of the next political vote of September 25th, will not be able to express their preferences except by returning to their town of residence. Thus, the trend of abstention is extended: to the voluntary one – given as the winner of the seats according to all the polls – the latter, involuntary, “forced”, is added. In the coming weeks, calls for participation by all parties will multiply. But even for this legislature, all the proposals to heal the situation have remained a dead letter. Despite the constant appeals and despite the tens of thousands of petition signatures “I am voting out of office”, The Parliament of the XVIII Legislature did not feel the obligation to approve a law in this regard. In Europe, an isolated case: Italy is the only state (besides Malta and Cyprus) that does not allow remote voting.
A law within six months – To prevent the problem from being further extended, the non-profit The Good Lobby (together with the I Voting Out of Office Committee) wrote to all party secretaries to ask for a public commitment to approve a law on remote voting within the first six months of the new Parliament’s inauguration: “The solutions to this ten-year problem they are, they exist, ”he says Federico Anghele, director of The Good Lobby. “Inside the White Paper For citizen participation: how to reduce abstention and facilitate voting presented in April, there are organic and adequate proposals to solve the problem effectively “. So what was missing? “The political will. With our request, we hope that the next legislature will undertake to achieve this fundamental objective for our democracy, responding to the request of almost 5 million “involuntary abstentionists”, the off-site, who have been constantly denied their right to vote for years. “. The organization has always been committed to the issue: on 10 June it had filed a summons for violation of the right to vote of off-site workers and students with the Ministry of the Interior and the Presidency of the Council of Ministers. The case had concerned Genoa, where, the Good Lobby specifies in a note, more than 18,000 were not allowed to vote to the Administrative.
Failed attempts – The Commission set up by the (formerly) pentastellato ministry for relations with Parliament had tried in April Federico D’Incà, coordinated by Professor Franco Bassanini. Two broad categories of abstentions were identified: i 4.9 million out of office eh 4.2 million seniors con mobility difficulties. The proposal was based on the replacement of the traditional paper election certificate with a digital election certificate, an “election pass”, to be used following “the technology widely tested with the green pass”. The premise of innovation, D’Incà himself said, “is the integration of the electoral lists in the national registry of the resident population (Anpr), already provided for by a provision of the“ Simplifications-bis ”decree-law. The idea was to download it on your smartphone (or print it in paper form) and then check it in real time at the polling station through the app. Thanks to the latter it would have been possible to identify the polling station of residence of the person concerned. The same app would then have allowed the ballot papers to be printed on the spot to be sent to the seat of residence. Furthermore, with this system, the elderly with mobility difficulties could vote in barrier-free seats. They also wanted to allow voting – on the day of the elections – in all those ballot boxes located in the same constituency or constituency. Finally, among the proposals, there was also the concentration of electoral appointments (two, no more).
The Good Lobby had welcomed the idea with favor, as stated in a note from the organization: “A reversal of the perspective that until now had accompanied every proposal in this field and which provided that only specific categories of citizens had to justify their remote voting request. This solution would also make it possible to overcome the electoral reimbursement system, allowing significant savings for the state coffers ”. A discussion of the law was expected in May, but nothing came of it. A similar problem occurred in 2021, with the no of Interior Ministry to proposals for municipal and regional authorities. The reason was to be found in Technical Problems “insurmountable“ which prevented parliamentary approval. Vittoria Baldino, head of the M5S group in the Constitutional Affairs Commission, recalled in April how electronic voting would have been useful: “Backed up with an allocation of one million euros but further extended, it could instead have represented a fundamental step in the path of innovation and digitization of voting processes, with the aim of facilitating the participation of young people in politics, because this is a battle that affects us all ”.
Countries in Europe – In Franceas a report by The Good Lobby, non-resident voters have the opportunity to vote by proxy. They themselves appoint a person in charge of replacing them. The same measure is available in other states, including for example Belgium e Sweden. Then there is the possibility of an early seat, which provides for voting the day before the elections, or a special seat, which allows those in care institutions, hospitals and prisons to vote: the voter just needs to go to a room prepared inside the structure. These possibilities are possible in many countries, from Denmark to Poland to Hungary. Another modality is theI-voting, ie electronic voting (Estonia is an example) and postal voting, as in the case of Spain: it can be requested at any post office or electronically. Alone Malta and Cyprus they have no alternatives to the physical vote, like Italy. They have never found them because, given their limited geographical extension, they do not need them. Unlike, however, Italy.