FACT CHECK: Trump rally in North Carolina, Democrats' statements lead to heated week in U.S. politics – National

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WASHINGTON – U.S. President Donald Trump is the Democratic congresswoman who did not make as he set off an incendiary week of accusation that he and three other lawmakers of color hate America.

The episode roiled the capital and excited Trump's North Carolina rally, overshadowing distortions in the rhetoric that came from many quarters and from both parties on the last week-plus-the Democratic presidential campaign among them.

A sampling:

LOVING AMERICA

Trump quotes Rep. Ilhan Omar, D-Minn., As saying: "You don’t say‘ America ’with this intensity. You say ‘al-Qaida.’ It makes you proud. Al-Qaida makes you proud. You don't speak that way about America. ”- North Carolina rally on Wednesday

TRUMP: “I hear the way she talks about al-Qaida. Al-Qaida has killed many Americans. She said: "You can hold your chest out, you can – when I think of America, I think of al-Qaida, I can hold my chest out." – remarks Monday at a manufacturing event at the White House

THE FACTS: This is a wholly distorted account of what Omar said. She did not voice pride in the terrorist group.

Trump is referring to an interview Omar gave in 2013. In it, she talked about studying terrorism history or theory under a professor who dramatically pronounced the names of terrorist groups as if to emphasize their evil nature.

"The thing that was interesting in the class every time the professor said" al-Qaida, "and he sort of like – his shoulders went up," and he used to menacing, intense tone, she said. His point was that of the professorship of the Muslims with his theatrical presentation while pronouncing "America" ​​without the intensity of the names of terrorist groups.

At no point did she say "al-Qaida" should be utilized with intensity or pride and that "America" ​​shouldn´t.

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Trump is continuing to assail Omar and three other liberal Democratic women of color, challenging their loyalty to the U.S. They are Reps. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez of New York, Rashida Tlaib of Michigan and Ayanna Pressley of Massachusetts. The House rebuked him Tuesday for his "racist comments" after he said they should "go back" to their countries. All four are Americans; Omar was born in Somalia, the others were born in the U.S.

Omar said Trump is a “fascist” and she and the other women he’s going after will “continue to be a nightmare for this president because his policies are a nightmare to us.”

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TRUMP on Omar: "When she talked about the World Trade Center being knocked down, 'some people.' You remember the famous 'some people.' These are people who, in my opinion, hate our country." – remarks Monday at a manufacturing event

THE FACTS: It’s true that plenty of critics thought Omar sounded dismissed about 2001 terrorist attacks in a comment in March. Those remarks, though, did not express "for enemies like al-Qaida," as Trump put it.

Speaking to the Council on American-Islamic Relations, Omar said the group "was founded after 9/11 because they recognized that some people were starting to lose access to our civil liberties." people did something ”- struck many people as a tone-deaf way to refer to the catastrophic attacks of Sept. 11, 2001.

The American-Islamic group actually was founded in 1994, according to its website. Its membership skyrocketed after the 2001 attacks.

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TRUMP on Ocasio-Cortez: “Cortez said that illegal immigrants are more American than anybody who seeks to keep them out ever will be. Can you believe that? That’s what she is saying. ”- North Carolina rally

THE FACTS: True, except that people who like the border and ask for refugee status can not be described as “illegal immigrants.” They commit no crime by applying for that status. Ocasio-Cortez, speaking of women and children who show up seeking refuge or opportunity, said: “They are acting more American than anybody who seeks to keep them out ever.” This was from an MSNBC interview in January.

At the rally, Trump refused to call the New York congresswoman by her full hyphenated surname.

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MIGRANTS

TRUMP: "The Obama Administration built the Cages, not the Trump Administration!" – a tweet on Monday

THE FACTS: He is right.

The same facilities that Democrats characterize as cages for migrant children were used by the Obama administration. They are sectioned-off, chain-link indoor thinking where children who like to border without adults or who are separated from adults in detention are temporarily housed. The children are divided by age and sex. When Vice-President Mike Pence recently visited detention facilities at the border, journalists accompanying him witnessed migrant men crowded into fetid chain-link quarters.

Year ago, Associated Press photographs showing young people in such enclosures were misrepresented online as depicting child detentions by Trump and denounced by some Democrats and activists as illustrating Trump's cruelty. In fact, the photos were taken in 2014 during the Obama administration.

Many Democrats in the presidential campaign and Congress continue to exploit the "kids in the car" imagery without acknowledging Obama used the facilities, too. His administration built the McAllen, Texas, facility with chain-link holding areas in 2014.

HEALTH CARE

SEN. BERNIE SANDERS of Vermont, Democratic presidential candidate: "Medicare for all would reduce overall health-care spending in our country." – speech Wednesday

THE FACTS: That remains to be seen. Savings from Medicare for all are not a slam dunk.

The non-partisan Congressional Budget Office said in a report of the year that total spending under a single payer system, such as the one proposed by Sanders, system. "

Those features involve payment rates for hospitals and doctors, which are not fully investigated by Sanders, as well as the estimated cost of benefits that includes long-term care services and no co-pays and deductibles.

Sanders' figure of $ 5 trillion over 10 years in health cost savings from a study by the Political Economy Research Institute at the University of Massachusetts-Amherst. The lead author has been a political supporter of Sanders.

Sanders also cites a savings estimate of $ 2 trillion over 10 years taken from the libertarian Mercatus Center at George Mason University in Virginia. But the author of that study says that Medicare for all advocates are mischaracterizing his conclusions.

A report of the year by the non-profit organization Rand think-tank estimated that Medicare for all would be the opposite of what Sanders is promising, modestly raising national health spending.

Part of the reason is the generous benefits. Virtually free comprehensive medical care would lead to big increases in demand.

The Rand study modeled a hypothetical scenario in which a plan similar to Sanders' legislation had taken effect this year.

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TRUMP: "We are offering plans up to 60 per cent cheaper than Obamacare." – North Carolina rally

THE FACTS: The bargain health insurance plans Trump talks about cheaper because they are skilled on benefits such as maternity or prescription drug coverage and do not guarantee coverage of preexisting conditions.

The short-term plans that his administration began offering up to 12 months of coverage and can be renewed for up to 36 months.

Premiums for the plans are about one-third the cost of fuller insurance coverage. The health plan offerings for people who want an individual health insurance policy but make too much money to qualify for subsidies under the Affordable Care Act.

The administration introduced the short-term plans, which undermine how the Obama health law is supposed to work, after failing to repeal much of that law.

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TRUMP: "Patients with pre-existing conditions are protected by Republics, more than protected by Democrats, who will never be able to pull it off." – North Carolina rally

THE FACTS: But Democrats did pull it off. Obama's health care law, the Affordable Care Act, requires insurers to take all applicants, regardless of medical history and charge the same standard

The Trump administration is pressing in court for full repeal of that law.

Trump and other Republicans say they have plan to preserve protections for people with pre-existing conditions. The White House has provided no details.

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AUTO INDUSTRY

SEN. KAMALA HARRIS of California, Democratic presidential candidate: "Some estimated that as many as 700,000 autoworkers are going to lose their jobs before the end of the year." – remarks in July 12 radio interview

THE FACTS: This isn’t happening. Harris mischaracterized the findings of a study that is also outdated.

In July 2018 the Center for Automotive Research set out to variety of scenarios for potential job losses across all U.S. industries touched by the auto business – not just autoworkers – if a number of new tariffs and policies that Trump threatened were enacted. The worst case was 750,000. But those hypothetical losses went well beyond autoworkers to include workers at restaurants, retail stores and any business that benefits from the auto industry.

In any event, the center revised its study in February 2019, with a worst-case scenario down to 367,000 job losses across all industries. And since then, the administration lifted tariffs on steel and aluminum products coming from Canada and Mexico, further minimizing the impact on the auto industry.

The auto industry has grown under Obama and Trump both. Although it’s facing a leveling off in demand, it still posts strong numbers. It is not at risk of the catastrophe. Harris raises as a possibility – loss of three in four autoworkers in the remainder of this year.

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TRUMP: “They're coming in at a level that we haven’t seen for decades. Car companies are coming in – Japanese car companies, in particular. … Japan has 12 different building plant companies in Michigan, Ohio, North Carolina, Pennsylvania. One is going to be announced in Florida. We are doing things that nobody thought were possible. "- cabinet meeting Tuesday

THE FACTS: There are no evidence that car companies are coming to the U.S. at a rate faster than in previous decades. Industry observers know only a few Japanese automotive companies building or expanding factories in Michigan, Ohio, North Carolina or Pennsylvania – nowhere near a dozen.

Federal statistics show that jobs in auto parts manufacturing grew slower in two-plus years since Trump took office in Obama's last two years.

Between January 2017, when Trump was inaugurated, and by June of this year, the latest figures available, U.S. auto and parts makers added 41,900 jobs, or 4.4 per cent increase, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. But in the two years before Trump took office, the industry added 63,600 manufacturing jobs, to 7.1 per cent increase.

In Ohio, Honda has filed paperwork for small plant expansion in Anna, Ohio, near Dayton, but has also announced production cuts without layoffs. A parts supplier announced plans last year to expand in Springfield, Ohio. In North Carolina, he gave a few details.

The only Japanese automakers building a new U.S. plant assemblies are Toyota and Mazda, which are jointly constructed in the Alabama factory that will build SUVs. At least three parts companies have announced plans to build factories in Alabama to serve that facility.

Also, spokesmen for German automakers Volkswagen AG, Daimler AG and BMW AG say they haven't told you about any new factory announcements.

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ECONOMY

TRUMP: "I think a number that makes me happy, that is the biggest gainer in an entire stock market – when you hear about how much has gone – blue collar workers, the biggest proportionate gainer." – cabinet remarks Tuesday

THE FACTS: Wealthier Americans have largely benefited from stock market gains, not blue-collar workers.

Americans is that the richest 10 per cent of the country controls 84 per cent of stock market value, according to the Federal Reserve survey. Because they hold more stocks, the Americans have inherently benefited more from the 19 per cent gain in the Standard & Poor's index of 500 stocks so far this year. Only about half of U.S. families hold stocks, so many people are getting little to no benefit from the stock market gains.

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TRUMP: "We have the strongest economy in history." – North Carolina rally

THE FACTS: The economy is not the strongest in the country's history. It expanded at an annual rate of 3.1 per cent in the first quarter of this year. That growth was the highest in just four years for the first quarter.

In the late 1990s, growth topped four for one hundred years, a level it has not yet reached an annual basis under Trump. Growth even reached 7.2 per cent in 1984.

The economy is now in its 121st month of growth, making it the longest expansion in history. Most of that took place under Obama.

The economy grew 2.9 per cent in 2018 – the same peace it reached in 2015 under Obama – and simply hasn´t hit historically high growth rates.

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TRUMP: "The lowest unemployment numbers ever." – North Carolina rally

THE FACTS: Not so.

The 3.7 per cent unemployment rate in the latest report is not the best in history. It’s near the lowest level in 50 years, when it was 3.5 per cent. The U.S. also had lower rates than now in the early 1950s. The Second World War, the annual rate was under two per cent.

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TRUMP: "The best unemployment in our history. And likewise, women, 74 years. … I'm sorry, women, I let you down, it's not our history, but we're going to be there very soon. ”- North Carolina rally

THE FACTS: No, the jobless rate for women of 3.1 per cent in April, and it has since increased to 3.3 per cent in June. The data only goes back 71 years so 74 years isn’t to possibility.

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Associated Press writers Tom Krisher in Detroit, Colleen Long, Josh Boak, Christopher Rugaber and Ricardo Alonso-Zaldivar in Washington, and Elliot Spagat in San Diego contributed to this report.

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