DThe North Rhine-Westphalian State Criminal Police Office (LKA) wants to present its long-awaited situation picture “Clan Crime” for NRW on Wednesday. It will be the first published situation report on the topic nationwide. Criminal members of extended families have been wreaking havoc in Bremen, Lower Saxony, North Rhine-Westphalia and Berlin for many years. The Kurdish-Lebanese extended families are secluded, hierarchically organized parallel societies that are characterized by archaic notions of honor and reject the rule of law. Their criminal parts earn millions with extortion, prostitution, drug trafficking, money laundering. For a long time, politics in North Rhine-Westphalia did not seem particularly interested in the growing problem.
On request of F.A.Z. the Ministry of the Interior did not want to announce any details from the situation report in advance. However, it is clear that the problem is far greater than long assumed. As early as January, Chief Criminal Director Thomas Jungbluth, who is responsible for Organized Crime at the NRW State Criminal Police Office, published his first important findings at a symposium in Essen. Between 2016 and 2018, around 6,500 members of various clans in NRW committed 14,225 offenses. Most cases (5606) were violent crimes, followed by property and fraud offenses (around 2600 each), narcotics offenses (1000) and other crimes. In addition, there is a “very high” dark figure, said Jungbluth, who put the number of clans in NRW on “more than 100”.
Paradigm shift in dealing with clan crime
The first NRW situation report, which Minister of the Interior Herbert Reul (CDU) wants to present together with Jungbluth on Wednesday, also statistically marks a paradigm shift in dealing with the phenomenon of clan crime. The red-green state government, which was voted out two years ago, had always rejected such an analysis. From a police point of view, a categorization prohibited, the then Interior Minister Ralf Jäger (SPD) argued in late 2015 in a report to the Diet. Finally, investigate the police against persons not only because of their family affiliation. The background was also the fear of the Greens against ethnic discrimination. Without a picture of the situation remained the police, however, hidden for the investigation of essential connections.
In their opposition, CDU and FDP had therefore repeatedly criticized Red-Green sharply. In early summer 2017, the two parties then announced in their coalition agreement to “combat the spread of organized crime – especially in the form of gangs, rockers and family clans – by a zero-tolerance strategy and maximum control and prosecution pressure” and a situational picture. Clan crime “. The fight against clan crime is one of the priorities of Interior Minister Herbert Reul (CDU), who regularly participates in raids against large criminal families. But Reul also kept reminding himself that there are a number of practical difficulties in creating the situation picture. “It's clear that we do not want to discriminate against anyone, because not all members of a family are criminal by far,” he told F.A.Z last year. Other problems for the criminalists include, among other things, that there are large families, of which a dozen spellings of the name circulate in the official databases or demonstrably criminal clan members have different nationalities. In addition, the term “clan crime” is not legally defined and there is no nationwide agreement on what constitutes a criminal clan.
Exchange with other countries
Although Rot-Grün in North Rhine-Westphalia always rejected its own situation report on criminal family clans – with the basic criminal research was started in the reign of the SPD and Greens in NRW: Since 2016, ran by the EU-funded reconnaissance project KEEAS at the North Rhine-Westphalia LKA (“Crime and mission priorities characterized by ethnically isolated subcultures”). As part of the project, in which the LKA cooperates with the state criminal police offices in Bremen, Lower Saxony and Berlin, as well as with the BKA, data from police operations were gathered under scientific supervision. The aim of the project is also the international exchange with other European countries, which also have problems with criminal clans.
Earlier this year, the Federal Criminal Police Office (BKA) announced that it would be presenting its revised situation report on organized crime for the first time in the first six months with a subchapter entitled “Criminal members of extended families of isolated subcultures”. It's about exploring how the clans in Berlin, the Ruhr area, Lower Saxony and Bremen cooperate. “We want to enlighten, as perpetrators from the clans beyond regional connections are interconnected,” said Johannes Launhardt, chief investigator at the BKA end of March the F.A.Z. In addition, it was about better understanding the contacts of the clans abroad. So far, connections to Sweden and Denmark are known.
(TagToTranslate) Thomas Jungbluth (t) Herbert Reul (t) LKA North Rhine-Westphalia (t) F.A.Z. (t) Clans (t) CDU (t) LKA