The European Space Agency (ESA) has disseminated innovative satellite imagery that reveals a new set of information about the ancient continents, dating back to 180 million years ago. According to ESA, these masses are only a mile (1.6 km) below Antarctica, but they have never been traced before. The shots will reveal new information on Antarctica, the sixth and "least known continent on Earth", the scientists said.
Fausto Ferraccioli, Science Leader of Geology and Geophysics at the British Antarctic Survey, said: "These images of gravity are revolutionizing our ability to study the less understood continent on Earth: Antarctica.
"In Eastern Antarctica, we see an exciting mosaic of geological features revealing similarities and fundamental differences between the crust under Antarctica and the other continents to which it joined up to 160 million years ago".
Among the pioneering discoveries of the ESA, there is new information on Gondwana, a supercontinent that housed the Antarctica.
According to ESA, Antarctica and Australia remained connected up to 55 million years ago, despite the dispersal of land mass some 130 years ago.
The ESA was also able to reveal that Western Antarctica has a thinner crust than Eastern Antarctica.
This discovery links this side of the southern glacial continent to Australia and India, as they share the type of crust with it.
The ESA used the vital data collected from the Gravity and Ocean Circulation Explorer (GOCE) field, the first ESA satellite that mapped the Earth's gravitational field from 2009 to 2013, when it crashed into the Earth after it was remained without fuel.
The images helped scientists map the movements of Earth's tectonic plates under Antarctica.
They then combined the readings with seismological data to create 3D maps of the planet's lithosphere, the so-called Earth's melt crust and mantle.
But these results can help not only to examine Antarctica, but also to have a "fresh" appearance on Earth.
GOCE mission scientist Roger Haagmans said: "It is exciting to see that the direct use of gravity gradients, which were first measured with GOCE, leads to a new independent appearance within the Earth. , even under a thick slab of ice.
"It also provides the context of how the continents were eventually connected in the past before they moved away because of the movement of the plate."