The Chinese lunar probe has sent the first panoramic image of its landing site since its historic arrival on the far side of the moon, showing the crater landscape it is exploring. The mission Chang & # 39; e-4 – named after a moon goddess – made the world the first soft landing on the far side of the moon on January 3, an important step in Chinese ambitions to become a space superpower. A rover nicknamed Yutu-2 – the name of the moon goddess 'pet, the' Jade Rabbit & # 39; – successfully separated from the lander and drove on the lunar surface. A camera deployed on Chang & # 39; e-4 took a picture that was released by the Chinese National Space Administration (CNSA) on January 4th. The picture shows the gray lunar landscape, the lander and the rover with the track left behind. The image is a 360 degree circular shot, which scientists used to create another panoramic image.
The Chinese lunar probe has sent the first panoramic image of its landing site since its historic arrival on the far side of the moon, showing the crater landscape it is exploring. A camera deployed on Chang & # 39; e-4 took a picture that was released by China's National Space Administration (CNSA) on Friday
The image shows the gray lunar landscape, the lander and the rover with the trace indicating that it has been left behind. The image is a 360-degree circular shot, which scientists used to create another panoramic picture. "The researchers completed the preliminary analysis of the lunar surface topography around the landing site based on the scene. image taken from the landing camera, "said the CNSA in a statement. Chang & e-4, the Yutu-2 and the relay satellite Queqiao that transmit data on the Earth are" in stable condition and all the work is been performed as planned, "says the statement. The 140-kilogram (308 pounds) rover resumed operations on Thursday after being in "stand-by mode" for five days. Chang & e-4 landed inside the South Pole-Aitken basin ( SPA), the largest and deepest impact crater in the solar system Scientists said the opposite side is a key area to solve several unknowns on the Moon, including its internal structure and thermal evolution . This is the second Chinese probe to land on the moon, after the first mission of the Yutu rover on its Earth side in 2013. The Chinese grou Yesterday the rover on the opposite side of the moon came back to life, after a short & # 39; siesta & # 39 ;. The rover went into standby mode for five days on Earth to protect itself from temperatures reaching 200 degrees Celsius (390 degrees Fahrenheit). The moon's lunar day lasts for the equivalent of 14 Earth days and the lack of an atmosphere means that the heat does not diminish, unlike the Earth. Yutu-2, or Jade Rabbit 2, has his social media account and posted: "The noon nap is over. [It’s time to] get up and stretch your legs. "The 140 kg rover has since resumed activities, which will include the image of the front of the lander and the exploration missions.
The Chinese lunar rover is back working on the far side of the moon after waking up from a five-day hibernation, announced its official social media page
Yutu-2, or Jade Rabbit 2, has his social media account and posted: "The noon nap is over. [It’s time to] get up and stretch your legs "(pictured)
Yutu-2 has a series of instruments and will be powered by solar panels. Unlike the similar probe on board the Chang & # 39; e-3 mission, this rover has no robotic arm. He announced that he would take a "nap" to protect himself from the immense heat of the sun on the moon Another Weibo user, a Twitter-like microblogging site used in China, said: "Your nap is so long." Another added: "If you do not get up now, your turnip will be torn by aliens." Twitter is blocked by the Chinese government, but the Weibo microblogging site is popular in the country and Yutu-2's postings have been made there. The social media account will follow the announcement with a tweet flippant explaining why the stars were not visible in the images of Yutu-2 by Chang & # 39; e-4. He said: "Good evening, in these few days I have seen so many stars." The moon is a place to watch the stars. It does not matter whether it is day or night, the sky is always pitch black. Without the interruption of an atmosphere, the stars are bright points that do not shine. "One day on the moon is more than 600 hours (about 27 Earth days). It takes a half-day star to travel from one side to the other on the horizon. "So I can watch a star uninterruptedly for more than 300 hours." The photo taken by my fourth sister (Chang & # 39; and 4), because the relationship of light is too high, some details have disappeared. You can not see the starry sky I saw. I will draw it for you. & # 39;
The social media account followed the ad with a tweet tweet explaining why the stars were not visible in the Yutu-2 images of Chang's e-4. He read: "The photo taken by my fourth sister (Chang & # 39; e-4), because the light ratio is too high, some details have been lost.You can not see the starry sky I saw. draw for you (pictured) The Chinese space agency said the mission raised the mysterious veil from the other side of the moon, which is never seen by the Earth, and & # 39; opened a new chapter in human lunar exploration 'Experts say that the vessel will not be able to function indefinitely and may be able to operate only for a day. " Of course, it will never leave the moon, so the question is really how long it can remain operational, "said Professor Ian Crawford of the Planetary and Earth Sciences Department at Birkbeck College London" I suspect they hope for at least a lunar day – 14 Earth days – after which, if it still works, it will have to be hibernated during l a lunar night of 14 days because it is powered by solar energy, and it is hoped that it will wake up later. "It's a high order because the moon night is so cold – about -180 ° C (-292 ° F) .A post from January 5 to 21:42 GMT on the official account of the Yutu Lunar Rover read: It's getting hot here. "Now, the back of the moon has entered the day, there is no atmosphere to block the heat and the temperature will reach 200 ° C." In order to protect the important parts and avoid extreme conditions, I have to do a siesta for a little. "The Yutu-2 rover explained how it would survive the harsh conditions on the arid surface of the moon after announcing the need to rest." My masters gave me thick insulating components. reflect a strong light, "he continued. "There are variable heat conducting tubes, controllable two-phase fluidic circuits, etc. And they can control my temperature at less than 55 ° C." (I have to be proud that even the small Chinese flag on my chest can withstand high temperatures! There are no images, just a drawing impression … Here it is.) The post also provided some information about the Chang lander & # 39; -4 that brought the rover to the surface. The post referred to the much larger lander as its "fourth sister". & # 39; and said: & # 39;[its] the heat control skills are stronger than mine. It will still perform a series of detection work during my siesta. You worked hard.
Twitter is blocked by the Chinese government, but the Weibo microblogging site is popular in the country and Yutu-2's posts were made there (pictured). A post from January 5 to 21:42 GMT on the official account of the Yutu Lunar Rover said: "It's getting very hot here". The Weibo station of Yutu-2 explained that during the machine it will not go off during the postponement of noon. It will simply enter standby mode. In this form you will be charged through solar panels, write a "diary", send tracking footage and provide readers with stories about the moon. The post concluded: "I did not expect to take a break after only working for a day, but it's an important mission to protect yourself." Master, remember to get up early when the job starts again. "Zhang Yuhua, deputy mission commander, He told the Chinese state media: "After that, the rover will go to the planned area and start a series of scientific exploration projects in the crater of Von Kármán, as expected by scientists. "
Jade Rabbit 2 weighs 308 pounds (139 kg) and has six individually driven wheels so it can continue to run even if one wheel does not work. He rolled on the lunar surface from the lander through two ramps and will explore the crater of the Von Karman in the southern region of the farthest side of the moon. It is expected that after a few days of activity the lander will again engage in "nap mode" to prepare for the lunar night. This period of time lasts 14 days and can see temperatures fall to a freezing -180 ° C (-292 ° F). The Yover-2 – or Jade Rabbit 2 – rover drove from the ramp of the lander and onto the far side of the moon at 22:22 Beijing time (2:22 pm GMT) on Thursday, about 12 hours later that the Chinese spacecraft that carried it has stopped. The China space agency then released a photo online, revealing the lunar rover several meters away from the spacecraft. The traces it makes on the moon's surface will be immortalized forever and will never be lost as there is no wind on the moon due to its lack of atmosphere. Beijing 5.00 pm (9.00 GMT also the three 15-foot long antennas on Chang & e-4 had been completely unfurled to allow the low-frequency radio spectrometer to start work. Jade Rabbit 2 has six individually driven wheels so that it can continue to work even if one wheel fails. It can climb a hill of 20 degrees or an obstacle up to eight inches (20 cm) high and its maximum speed is 220 meters (200 meters) at the time. pioneer rover is 1.5 meters long (1.5 meters) and 3 meters wide (one meter) and tall, with two folding solar panels and six wheels .Yutu-2 and its accompanying lander will carry out mineral, biological and radiation in view of a future base that China hopes to build on the moon.
There were numerous moon landings following the 20th-century space race between the United States and the Soviet Union – including the famous Apollo 11 mission that saw Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin become the first humans on the moon. After Moon 24 landed on August 18, the next lunar landing was the Chinese mission Chang & e-3 on December 14, 2013. Chang & e-4 is the first spacecraft landed on the far side of the moon
The mission consists of three fundamental parts: the rover, the lander and the satellite relay. They will work unison to study, analyze and send information to EarthResults scientists of these experiments, which could lead to new understandings of the challenges faced by settlers who could one day colonize our natural satellite. "It's a small step for the rover, but a giant leap for the Chinese nation," he told Wu Wiren, chief designer of the Lunar Exploration Project, the CCTV broadcaster. "This giant leap is a decisive move to our exploration of space and the conquest of the universe. "The rover is equipped with a variety of scientific instruments to help him analyze the surface of the moon, including a panoramic and infrared camera, a radar that penetrates the ground and a low-frequency radio spectrometer. The programmer Crawford added: "While it is operating, it will wander to study the composition of the rocks and the sub-surface that uses its radar that penetrates into the ground." It will be left on the Moon once it stops working, unless a day is not picked up and brought back to a museum. & r The rover will use his panoramic camera to identify interesting places and his visible and near-infrared imaging spectrometer (VNIS) will help analyze the minerals in the crater . This includes what scientists call "ejecta" – rocks that have shaken from the depths to the surface from meteorite impacts. His Lunar Penetrating Radar (LPR) tool will look down into the depths of the moon with a maximum vertical distance of about 300 feet ( 100 meters).
The rover is equipped with a variety of scientific instruments to help it analyze the moon's surface, including a panoramic and infrared camera, a radar that penetrates the ground and a low-frequency radio spectrometer
A never-before-seen close-up image taken from the Chinese Chang spacecraft e-4 on the surface of the farthest side of the moon. It seems that it has taken on a reddish tinge in some of the images released by China, an effect of the lights used by the probe WHY CHINA HAS CHOSENED TO THE EARTH IN THE CHRONIC VON KARMAN? Chang & # 39; e-4 landed in the Von Karman crater in the South Pole-Aitken basin. It is a huge crater that is located at the southernmost end of the moon. China has chosen to study the farthest side of the moon and has in the meantime beat all other nations at the crucial moment. The basin is so far the largest known impact basin in the solar system. The Chinese space agency hopes that by exploring the immense detour on the moon's surface they may be able to shed light on its history and geology by collecting rocks that have never been seen before. The researchers hope that the enormous depth of the crater will allow them to study the mantle of the moon, the layer beneath the surface of the moon. It is believed that the crater is composed of various chemical compounds, including thorium, iron oxide and titanium dioxide. It is also hoped that by judging this scar 8 miles deep on the moon's surface, scientists could find clues to put together the origin of the lunar mantle. There is also another logistical reason for the choice of landing place, the crater is mostly flat in the south of the basin. This increased the probability of a successful landing.
The rover Yutu-2 – or Jade Rabbit 2 – drove the ramp of the lander and the outside of the far side of the moon at 22:22 Beijing time (2:22 pm GMT) on Thursday, about 12 hours later that the Chinese spacecraft transported came to rest. The Chinese space agency later published a photo online, revealing the lunar rover several meters away from the spacecraft. The experiments of seeds and plants brought to the Moon from Earth aboard the Chang & # 39; e-4 probe would be carried out within the lunar lander itself. Unlike its predecessor, the Chang & # 39; e-3 mission, the latest addition to the lunar surface, does not have a robotic arm. The lander also has a low-frequency spectrometer (LFS) that will be part of a scientific experiment to study space without constant radio interference from the Earth. On the opposite side of the moon it shields the equipment from the noise and will allow Chang & # 39; e-4 to produce a low emission map of the sky's radio waves. Matthew Bothwell, an astronomer at the University of Cambridge, told MailOnline that this could be a crucial step in the future of space exploration and compared its importance with that of the first telescope. "The far side of the moon is the only place in the universe attainable that we can do this kind of research." WHAT DOES THE NAMES OF THE MISSION OF THE MOON CHINA MEAN? Chang & # 39; e-4 Chang & # 39, and is the moon goddess and wife of the god Houyi in ancient Chinese mythology Houyi is one of the most powerful mythological figures in China.It is said to have knocked down nine Suns to make the Earth a livable habitat for humans The number four in the name is a hint of the most modern day at the space program.This spacecraft is the fourth of Chang's missions and E. Yutu-2 Yutu (jade rabbit) is Chang's companion and mythological stories.This is also the name of the rover aboard Chang & e-4. Yutu-2 is so labeled because it is the successor to Yutu-1 that was deployed by the Chang & # 39; e-3 mission to the & # 39. Beginning of this decade, Queqiao Queqiao is the satellite relay and translates into the Magpie Bridge. ancient Chinese logia. Queqiao, or Magpie Bridge, is a legendary bridge that appears once a year to link Niu Lang and Zhi Nv.Niu Lang is a cattle herder on Earth while Zhi Nv, or Weaving Maid, is a goddess in paradise. The couple met and fell in love when Zhi Nv sneaked into the "human world" in secret to play. Their union has infuriated the main divinity, the Queen Mother of the West. The couple has been banned to live on different sides of the Milky Way. Every year on the seventh day of the seventh month of the Lunar Calendar, thousands of magpies that are moved by the couples' love story will form the Magpie Bridge, or Queqiao, so that Niu Lang and Zhi Nv can meet. This relay satellite will allow communication between the lunar probe and the Earth. "Putting a large object like the moon between the constant radius of the Earth of radio waves and antennas is a fantastic way of filtering noise from the Earth." Very long wavelength radio waves are impossible to study because of their universal radio wave radius 24/7 and the emissions of the universe are really weak in comparison. "Dr Bothwell added that there is no way of knowing what he could reveal and the opportunities for discovery are enormous." It will provide a new window to look at the universe and we will probably find unexpected things, "added Dr. Bothwell also said that, based on the success of the data collected by Chang's e-4, it could lead to a telescope. terrestrial installed on the farthest side of the moon.The farthest side can not be seen from the Earth and is commonly called the "dark side" because it is relatively unknown, not because it lacks sunlight.While the landing is happening on the side Dark of the moon, he requested his satellite to be and to send information back.To facilitate communication between the controllers on Earth and the Chang & # 39; e-4 mission, China launched a relay satellite called Queqiao on May 20 and now it is stationed in operative orbit about 40,000 miles beyond the moon.This will be the primary form of communication between the Earth and the spacecraft.The probe and the explorer will use Queqiao to report their discoveries in China. His descent was also helped by the satellite relay, the Queqiao or Magpie Bridge. This is positioned at a point in the space called L2, a Langraine point. A Lagrange point is a point in space where the combined gravitational forces of two large bodies are equivalent to the centrifugal force of another body. L2 is a million miles beyond the Earth in the opposite direction to the sun and for an object to remain stationary there depends on a fragile balance between the gravitational pull of the moon, the Earth and the Sun. The far side of the moon – colloquially known as the dark side – it actually gets It's as much light as the near side, but it's always turned away from the Earth. This is because the moon is firmly stuck on the Earth, rotating at the same speed as it orbits around our planet, so the farthest side – or the "dark side" – is never visible from our planet. This relatively unexplored region is mountainous and robust, making it more difficult to reach a successful landing. Beijing is pouring billions into the military program, hoping to have a manned space station by 2022 and finally send humans to the moon. The mission of the lunar changer Chang & # 39; e-4 – named after the moon goddess in Chinese mythology – was launched in December 2018 from the Southwest Xichang launch center. It is the second Chinese probe to land on the moon, after the mission of the Yutu rover in 2013. China has announced that in honor of this success the rover aboard Chang & e-4 has been named Yutu 2. The previous spacecraft they saw the far side of the moon, but no one landed on it. China launched the Chang & # 39; e-4 probe on December 7, 2018 from a Long March-3B rocket. Includes a lander and a rover to explore the surface of the moon. Chang & # 39; e-4 entered for the first time in a lunar orbit on December 12, 2018.
A TIMELINE OF HOW CHINA REACHES THE SIDE OF THE LUNA
Chang & # 39; e-4 launched from the Xichang satellite launch center in Sichuan, southwest China at 6:30 GMT on December 7th October 24th 2007 – China launches Chang & e-1, a satellite without crew, in the space where it remains operational for more than a year. October 1, 2010 – China launches Chang's e-2. This was part of the first phase of the Chinese lunar program. It was in a 100 km high lunar orbit to collect data for the upcoming Chang & # 39; e-3 mission. September 29, 2011 – China launched Tiangong 1. September 15, 2013 – A second space laboratory is launched, Tiangong 2. December 1, 2013: launch of Chang & # 39; e-3. December 14, 2013 – Chang's e-3, a 2,600-lb lunar probe (1,200 kg) successfully landed on the near side of the moon. It became the first object to land on the Moon from Moon 24 in 1976. April 1, 2018 – Tiangong-1 crashed to Earth at 17,000 miles per hour and lands in the ocean off the coast, if Tahiti. May 20, 2018 – China has launched a relay satellite called Queqiao, which is stationed in orbit at about 40,000 miles beyond the moon. This was designed to allow Chang's e-4 to communicate with the witty engineers on Earth.
The lunar Chang rover e-4 is lifted into space from the Xichang launch center in Xichang, southwest China's Sichuan province, on December 7, 2018 – The Chinese space agency announces that it has launched the Chang probe is e-4 in space. December 12, 2018 – Probe retrorockets shoot to stabilize the spacecraft and slow it down. 31 December 2018 – The probe prepared for the first soft landing on the far side of the moon. Estimated for 2020 – Tiangong 3, a follow-up mission to Tiangong-2 Before 2033 – China plans its first Mars exploration program. 2040 – 2060 – The Asian superpower is planning a manned mission to Mars. The probe entered the lunar orbit "to prepare the first soft landing on the far side of the moon," the Chinese National Space Administration said at the time. The tasks of the Chang & e-4 include astronomical observation, the detection of the earthly moon, soil shape and mineral composition, and measurement of neutron radiation and neutral atoms to study the environment on the side farther than the moon. The researchers hope the seeds will grow on the moon, with the process captured on the camera and transmitted to the Earth. China intends to reach Russia and the United States to become a major space power by 2030. It is planned to start construction of its crewed space station next year and to have its own lunar base by 2036.Dr . Bothwell said: "The success of the landing and this mission puts China in a very strong position among other nations." Cooperation between space agencies is great for science and it is a case of humanity working together to understand more on the ysteries and problems of the universe. "Probably the best thing that could happen is another space race similar to the competition between the US and Russia in the years & # 39; and & # 39; 70. With ESA, Roscosmos and NASA, all are taking significant steps and the rush to private space between SpaceX and other companies making their way could lead to a rebirth of space exploration. "