JawaPos.com – Various viruses and bacteria that are emerging today are apparently also affected by climate change. Zoonoses or viruses from animals jumping to humans are caused by global warming and the greenhouse effect which makes the earth’s temperature hotter.
In research journals Nature, climate change can affect pathogenic and viral diseases in humans. The effects of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions trigger human pathogenic diseases.
“We found that 58 percent (i.e., 218 of 375) of the infectious diseases facing humanity worldwide have been exacerbated by climate hazards,” the study said.
Human pathogenic diseases and transmission pathways exacerbated by climate hazards are too much to pressure stakeholders to reduce GHG emissions. What’s the reason?
Impact of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions
Ongoing greenhouse gases increase the various climatic hazards of the Earth’s climate system, which in turn can exacerbate human pathogenic diseases. The social disruption caused by pathogenic diseases, as clearly revealed in the Covid-19 pandemic, provides a worrying picture of the potential consequences of the looming and climate change-driven health crisis.
For example, global warming, heat waves, droughts, forest fires, extreme rainfall, floods, sea level rise, and so on. On the other hand, there is a wide taxonomic diversity of human pathogenic diseases (e.g., bacteria, viruses, animals, plants, fungi, protozoa, and so on), and types of transmission (e.g., vector-borne, airborne, direct contact).
The combination of multiple climate hazards by multiple pathogens reveals the potential for a large number of interactions in which climate hazards can exacerbate human pathogenic diseases. The 40 diseases not listed in the authoritative Global Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology Network (GIDEON) or the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) highlight the number of diseases caused by biological agents and affected by climate change.
“We also found many reports of damage caused by animals, such as increased venom of snakes and insects after floods, droughts and heat waves, as these disturbances can reduce, expand, or shift habitats and force these animals to be closer to humans.” they said.
Editor : Edy Pramana
Reporter : Marieska Harya Virdhani