BAhn's CEO Richard Lutz was enthusiastic about the climate package of the German government on Sunday. He spoke of the "largest investment and growth program in railway history". According to the company's calculations, the measures adopted by the Climate Cabinet for the railways amounted to more than 20 billion euros by the year 2030. The capital announced by the federal government of an additional billion euros a year "we had never imagined in the dimension" said the manager.
The announced reduction in VAT, a ticket to the economy price from just 13.40 euros to be purchased, which is "the lowest price since 1994". The reduction is passed on "one on one" to the passengers, whereby it depends on the legal configuration whether also Bahncard offers would be more favorable. The railway is expecting a doubling of long-distance passengers in the next three years, said Lutz. For the group is prepared for the continuous influx of new vehicles also prepared – by the year 2022, the number of 282 to 386 will be increased.
This includes 30 high-speed trains, which are to be tendered at the end of the year. You will be able to reach a speed of 300 kilometers per hour – this can not be the slower ICE 4 trains. The railway union ECG, however, criticized the climate package as half-hearted and warned that the doubling of passenger traffic and the significant increases in rail freight transport "will not be realized".
In the German aviation, meanwhile, worries are growing that the coalition wants to increase the ticket tax much more than initially indicated. The trigger for this fear is the wording on Measure 27 in the Key Issues Paper for the Climate Change Program, which was presented on Friday. It states that the government will present a bill "to increase the aviation levy by January 1, 2020, in order to reduce VAT on long-distance train tickets from 19 per cent to the reduced 7 per cent VAT rate." In the run-up to the corner-point presentation, the discussion was focused on a doubled tax rate on domestic flights.
Tax increase for flights is unlikely to finance tax cuts for the railways
A rough estimate from industry sectors, the F.A.Z. It is concluded that an increase of € 7.38 to € 14.76 for intra-German flights is far from sufficient to compensate for lower VAT on train tickets. For that, the tax on all European traffic would have to be doubled. The railways had reported for their long-distance transport in 2018 revenue of 4.7 billion euros, of which 95 percent come from passenger transport. A reduction of the VAT rate by 12 percentage points would thus result in revenue shortfalls of more than 500 million euros.
According to figures from the Federal Statistical Office of the 1.2 billion euros in revenue from the aviation tax last year accounted for almost 589.6 million euros on payments of the lowest tax rate of 7.46 euros. However, this rate was levied for domestic flights as well as for all flights to other EU countries and other countries from Russia via Turkey to Morocco. In the CDU resolution before the Climate Cabinet meeting, there was already talk of wanting to double the rate of € 7.38 – without specifying which goals this should apply.