Hair loss in women is a normal phenomenon, as long as the lost hairs do not exceed a certain number and the process does not take more than 3 months. It is estimated that one in three women will face, at some point in their lives, the problem of hair loss.
On average, we lose between 50 and 100 hairs a day. But no one is going to count every hair…
However, if you notice that the brush is always full of hair, a “carpet” of hair forms on the tiles in the bathroom and on the pillow, the drain from the shower is still clogged and the scalp is more and more visible, it is possible that the problem to be based on certain physiological or pathological causes.
The first thing you need to do, if you are worried about excessive hair loss, is to go to the dermatologist!
He will examine the hair and scalp with a dermatoscope or videodermatoscope, a painless method called trichoscopy. Basically, the doctor uses a special magnifying glass that helps determine the cause of hair loss.
Psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, certain medications, thyroid disorders, hormonal imbalances, all these, but not only, can be causes of hair loss.
There are many factors that trigger hair loss in women, but fortunately, solutions to this problem. It is important to consult a specialist for the correct detection of the cause and the recommendation of the most effective personalized treatment.
What causes hair loss in women?
Hair loss occurs in most women, but more exposed to this risk are:
- Women under the age of 40
- Women who are pregnant or have just given birth
- Menopausal women
- Women undergoing aggressive drug treatment (chemotherapy)
- Women who use many styling products (hairspray, foam, wax, hair straightener, curler, etc.) or cosmetics that contain many chemicals
- Women who frequently change their hair color (repeated bleaching and dyeing) or hairstyle (tight ponytails, dreadlocks, perms, etc.)
Through the most common causes of hair loss in women includes:
- Hormonal imbalances
This category includes pregnancy, menopause, weight gain, but also polycystic ovary syndrome, all of which lead to the weakening of hormonal balance.
Hormones play a very important role in the body, including hair health. Estrogen, for example, is the “friend” of hair and ensures its growth and regeneration. On the other hand, excess androgens lead to hair loss in women.
Hair loss after birth, especially in the first 3-6 months, is a common phenomenon. And this is due to the drastic decrease in estrogen levels after birth, a process that accelerates hair loss.
But there are no reasons to worry, because everything will return to normal in no more than 9 months after birth. Of course, with a little help from the diet, but also with a preventive visit to the doctor, to rule out other possible conditions, such as a disorder of the thyroid gland after birth.
On the other hand, hair loss at menopause is based on excess androgens, which thin the hair, slow down the hair growth process and promote its loss. Again, the solutions are, you just have to ask for the help of the specialist!
Unfortunately, the myth of the stress that leads to hair loss in women is true. Why does stress leave us hairless? Because it triggers an “avalanche” of androgens, hormones that we have already learned are not exactly friends with our hair.
In addition, stress can lead to other problems – dandruff, eating disorders, gastrointestinal disorders – which can have a negative impact on hair health.
- Iron deficiency anemia
Iron deficiency or iron deficiency anemia is one of the most common causes of hair loss in women.
Iron is an essential mineral for the production of hemoglobin. It facilitates the circulation of oxygen and nutrients in the body, including the hair follicles.
Heavy menstruation is one of the causes of iron deficiency. But Crohn’s disease, celiac disease or a vegetarian diet, which excludes meat consumption, or drastic diets can be the basis for low intake of iron and other important nutrients in the body.
- Hypo- or hyperthyroidism
Problems with the thyroid gland can also affect the hair. When the thyroid gland produces too few or, conversely, too many thyroid hormones, the body is “shocked” and enters the state of telogen effluvium. That is, the hair roots go to rest much too early and this leads to diffuse and temporary hair loss.
Hair loss can also occur due to the administration of certain antithyroid drugs.
Thinning of the hair, dehydration, lack of shine of the hair ornament are just some of the consequences of thyroid diseases. For this reason, it is important to consult your doctor for regular check-ups and, possibly, to change the dosage or the medicine, depending on the symptoms you feel.
- Vitamin B6 or B12 deficiency
Lack of energy, fatigue, exhaustion, dull skin, brittle and fall-prone hair can be consequences of vitamin deficiency, especially vitamin B6 and vitamin B12, which maintain an adequate level of hemoglobin in the blood, which we mentioned earlier.
These vitamins are found in protein-rich foods, such as liver, chicken, fish, soy, eggs, dairy.
Also, important nutrients that can prevent hair loss are:
- folic acid (cereals, nuts, hazelnuts, orange juice, wheat germ, liver)
- biotin (liver, kidney, egg yolk, oats, yeast, milk, soy, avocado, legumes, fish, bananas, raspberries)
- vitamin A (fish oil, milk, red vegetables, oranges, yellows, spinach)
- vitamin E (nuts, seeds, vegetable oils, green leafy cereals, fortified cereals)
- vitamin C (citrus, tomatoes, bell peppers, parsley)
Deficiency in these nutrients leads to brittle hair, split ends, dry hair, dandruff and hair breakage or hair loss easily.
- Changing seasons
It is true, with the change of season we can see that the hair begins to fall out more abundantly. This is usually due to variations in temperature and natural light, which can alter the secretion of melatonin and prolactin.
The imbalance of these hormones could lead to a phenomenon called telogen effluvium, which we discussed a little above. In short, seasonal hair loss is not really a loss, but a renewal, and hair lost in the fall, for example, grows back in 3-4 months.
How can hair loss be treated in women?
Now that we have found out what are the most common causes of hair loss in women, it is easy to deduce how this phenomenon can be prevented:
- regular check-ups and compliance with the prescribed treatment
- nutrition rich in nutrients (vitamins, minerals, proteins, complex carbohydrates, Omega 3 fatty acids)
- avoid excessive use of styling products and stressful events
In addition to all these measures, it is good to know that there are clinical solutions with proven effects against hair loss.
One such example is treatment Aminexil Clinical 5 din gama Dercos by Vichy.
Thanks to a combination of 5 active ingredients – vitamins PP / B6, SP94, arginine, octein and Vichy volcanic water – Aminexil ampoules help rebalance the scalp microbiome, slow down hair loss regardless of the cause and help revitalize and strengthen the hair ornament only 3 weeks.
In addition to this treatment can be used energizing anti-hair loss shampoo with Aminexil from the Derco Technique range by Vichy.
Based on the same complex of beneficial substances Aminexil 5, the complementary shampoo prevents stiffening of the collagen sheath around the hair bulb and re-anchoring the roots in the scalp, gives revitalization and volume to the hair, clinically proven effectiveness against hair loss after 6 weeks of use.
In addition, it has an invigorating scent and is also indicated for people with sensitive scalp (itching, burning or stinging), because it is based on hypoallergenic formulas clinically tested under dermatological control.
The Dercos brand from Vichy specializes in scalp and hair health, and the product range is based on formulas that respect the scalp microbiome and contain highly effective active ingredients for the problem it addresses.