Hyperglycemia is a condition in which the levels of blood sugar increased. Hyperglycemia commonly occurs in diabetic patients, but in some cases this condition can also be triggered by stress and side effects of steroid drugs.
A person can be said to have hyperglycemia if his blood sugar level is 130 mg/dL or more before eating or after not eating for several hours. In the condition after eating, a person can be said to have hyperglycemia if they have blood sugar levels above 180 mg/dL.
In comparison, normal blood sugar levels generally range between 80-130 mg/dL. To overcome hyperglycemia, there are three important things to know. The following are the three things, as quoted from Insider, Saturday (25/9).
Recognize signs and symptoms
The most common symptoms of hyperglycemia are increased thirst, the desire to drink more frequently, increased frequency of urination, blurred vision, and weight loss. However, symptoms often appear only when blood sugar levels have risen above 200 mg/dL.
Therefore, blood tests need to be done to confirm the condition of hyperglycemia. Untreated hyperglycemia can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis. This condition is most common in people with type 1 diabetes.
Diabetic ketoacidosis occurs when the body is unable to properly break down sugar for energy, so the body breaks down fat. This condition will naturally release acid into the blood. Because the body can’t get rid of acid fast enough, it can be toxic in the blood.
Diabetic ketoacidosis is a medical emergency. People who have symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis, especially if they have diabetes, need to be taken to the emergency department. Symptoms to watch out for are nausea, fatigue, shortness of breath, dry mouth, abdominal pain.
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