Headaches: Causes, Treatment and Prevention


Headache is a condition when various areas of the head feel a sharp pain or throbbing sensation. It is also one of the most common aches or pains conditions in the world.

Causes of Headaches

One way to find out the cause of a headache is to know what type of headache you are experiencing. According to the Cleveland Clinic, there are more than 150 types of headaches. Even so, headaches are divided into two types, namely:

Primary Headache

This type of headache is the most common type. This is because, in most cases, this type of headache is not caused by another medical condition. Usually, this type of headache can be caused by stress or a poor sleep schedule.

Some headaches that fall into this type are migraines, cluster or pattern headaches, tension headaches, and new daily persistent headaches (NDPH).

Secondary Headache

Unlike the previous types, secondary headaches are usually caused or associated with other medical conditions. Some of these medical conditions include head injuries, blood vessel disease in the brain, hypertension, headaches due to sinusitis, and tumors.

Headache Symptoms

Headache symptoms vary and depend on the type of headache that is being felt. Here are some common headaches and their symptoms:

Tension headache

Consistent pain without a throbbing sensation, pain that is mild to moderate, occurs on both sides of the head, and may become worse with activities of daily living.


Moderate to severe pain, nausea or vomiting, throbbing pain, pain that lasts 4 hours to 3 days, sensitivity to light, sound or smell, and stomach pain.

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Cluster headaches

It presents with a pattern, intense pain with a burning or stabbing sensation, constant pain behind one eye or in the eye area, and throbbing or constant.

New daily persistent headache (NDPH)

It comes on suddenly and lasts for more than three months, usually affects people with infrequent headaches, is constant and persistent without abating, is located on both sides of the head, and is unresponsive to medication.

Headache Triggers

Different types of head can be triggered by several other factors such as diet, activity, and the environment. quote Healthlinesome common trigger factors are:

  • Daily activities
  • Alcohol
  • Allergies or sinusitis
  • Sound, visual and smell factors
  • Mental conditions such as anger, fear, and anxiety
  • Certain foods and drinks
  • Hormones
  • Trauma
  • Drugs
  • Changed sleep schedule

Headache Treatment

Various ways can be done to treat or relieve headaches, from home remedies to prescriptions from a doctor. However, the main headache treatment that is easy to do is to get enough rest and take headache medicine.

Quote from Medical News TodayHere are some home remedies that you can try:

  • Avoid stress triggers
  • Consuming food on a regular basis or according to the usual schedule
  • Making sure you get enough sleep
  • Exercise regularly
  • Take breaks while working to stretch and prevent eye strain

Headache Prevention

The key to preventing headaches is figuring out what triggers them. The triggers are very specific and vary from person to person. After determining the triggers, of course, it is advisable to avoid or minimize them.

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