Here's how depression and anxiety appear in our brains (14:00)

Oaxaca de Juárez, 10 November. Researchers have long known that two brain structures, the amygdala and the hippocampus are involved in the processing of emotions and states of mind, but they do not know exactly how.

Now, researchers from the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) have identified a unique frequency of brainwaves associated with communication between these two brain structures, which may predict a worsening of the mood related to depression and depression. 39; anxiety.

Recording of brain activity

The researchers took the opportunity to perform intracranial electroencephalography (EEG) to measure brain wave activity of 21 patients with epilepsy who were waiting for brain surgery to locate their crisis.

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Oaxaca de Juarez, December 21st. Not long ago, Governor Gabino Cué Monteagudo asked the Congress of State for his approval for the acquisition of a new super millionaire loan for the amount of two thousand 400 million pesos, which of course was authorized, presumably that with the corresponding distribution of profits, with which it has considerably raised the public debt of Oaxaca, the highest recorded in its history, much more than that left by the looter Ulises Ruiz Ortiz, despite being considered the most corrupt of all governors before of him. There were then isolated protests, which unfortunately did not transcend, even if you never knew what would have been the huge amount of money spent, but it was assumed that in the splendid distribution to the leaders of the "social fighters", especially teachers, because Important jobs have not been seen so far for this six-year period. Now, even if we refuse to believe it, a new loan request for 235 million pesos is reported, presumably for the implementation of the new criminal justice system, which is to be questioned, because during the parade of officials for the glory of the government report has not been reported anything positive, unless connected to justice and laws. However, MEPs, who have devoted themselves only to grilling instead of legislating, are sure to approve without delay that new burdensome loan, which is calculated as a mortgage for the state for 20 years, which is the deadline set for paying, but which will be difficult because of the accumulation of interest.

The total debt that has contracted this change government rises to 18 thousand 128 million 555 thousand 737 pesos, but as it seems little carries a new one, which the PRI bank tries to negotiate when announcing that it rejects it, claiming that they do not really see works and that it would be necessary analyze for what another credit wants, if you take into account that Oaxaca has been benefited from an important budget for 2016. Has ensured that it will investigate in which areas it has been labeled to check whether they are justified or not, or otherwise the Congress State may result in a reassignment of the budget. When this Congress authorized the previous loan, we discussed the presidential initiative of the Financial Discipline Law in Federative Entities and Municipalities, which was subsequently approved, which limits states to borrow, but even so, waste and increase in debt. Then he also talked about denying it, but in the end the loan was authorized. This last is sure to be authorized, because the year of Hidalgo begins and everyone wants to leave with their pockets full to look for new positions.

Public officials who marched on the parliamentary catwalk, who do not meet the profile needed for the position they occupy, or who have the slogan to swim from a dead person, repeat that nothing important has been reported to justify requiring a larger budget. The new head of the Office and Transparency of the Government of the Controllers was worse than his predecessor, because he went so far as to say that his mission is not to investigate and deliver corrupt officials, but to prevent corruption, that is to confirm what we already knew, what happened was corruption and impunity, which is tantamount to accepting complicity with Ulises Ruiz Ortiz and his band, and no longer touches those of the new generation, including several members of this government group. But if it were only to prevent corruption, it should begin by underlining the governor that he should no longer be in debt, especially when it is clear that a new loan is not necessary, unless, as mentioned, money continues to be distributed between the hands of vivacissimi who lead groups that continue to make seedlings and closures of roads and highways.

In relation to these official loans, it was announced that the Congress of State authorized the municipality of the city of Oaxaca a debt of 300 million pesos, of which according to the second government report that the owner gave a few days ago, for the 39. The last day of this month will be completed only the use of 180 million pesos, most for socially useful jobs, that is, the resources have been used responsibly and for purposes of public utility, such as modernization of public markets, the purchase of vehicles for public safety, roads and civil protection Commission, as well as for urban improvement, as can be seen with the newly restored streets and roads.

The worst for Oaxaca is that in order to continue the decline of this government of change, in the upcoming elections the Institutional Revolutionary Party can regain power with the most negative of its pre-candidates to the governorate, Alejandro Murat Hinojosa, because the charge is already in route of definition. The first indications of his government are already giving them the purchase of the first surveys, through a so-called Cabinet of strategic communications, which presumably places it in the first place of the aspirants. The mark of this maneuver is named after his father, who was going to rule Oaxaca for the second time. The author of this ruin would be Gabino Cué Monteagudo for not knowing how to take advantage of the opportunities that the city has given him, to which he has since turned his back to devote himself to thank the teacher's support. . However, a year is enough to rectify, if there are no pacts with the PRI, as there seems to have been with the ulis. We will wait for the results, which will start with the destination given to the new loan requested.

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The research offers a new way to see how the brain works and how it is related to mood swings and possibly to some mental illness.

In these patients a wide range of brain activity was recorded over 7-10 days, focusing in particular on some deep brain structures that were previously involved in mood regulation.

During that time, patients regularly recorded their mood during the day.

Subsequently, the researchers used computer algorithms to match the patterns of brain activity with the mood changes reported by the patients.

After comparing brainwave activity with self-reported daily dailies, 13 out of 21 patients showed fluctuations in electrical activity at a brainwave frequency in the range of 13 to 30 cycles / second , between the amygdala and the hippocampus. the one related to the depressed mood.

Fundamentally, this study offers a new set of tools and a new way of seeing how the brain works and how it is related to mood swings and possibly some mental illness.

Potential new treatments

The researchers point out that understanding how this communication works could allow the development of new ways to selectively treat these parts of the brain.

Researchers performed intracranial electroencephalography (EEG) to measure brain wave activity.

The dott. Edward F. Chang, affiliated with the Institute for Neuroscience at UCSF and co-author of the research, commented:

"We are excited to find out how the communication between the amygdala and the hippocampus contributes to emotional processing and how this signal correlates with changes in people's moods".

The authors of the study express that the results of this research could be useful to develop new treatments directed to this activity in the brain, which could, for example, try to control or decrease the excess of communication between the amygdala and l & # 39; hippocampus.

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