Indonesian president Joko "Jokowi" Widodo comfortably won last month's presidential poll, showed an official count, but his opponent Prabowo Subianto's refusal to concede defeat sparked the prospect of a legal challenge and street protests.
The General Electoral Commission (KPU) confirmed the counts issued by private pollsters who showed that the incumbent Jokowi won the April 17th election with 11 percentage points.
Independent observers and analysts said the poll was free and fair, but Prabowo and his campaign team said "massive cheating and irregularities" during the vote and the vote count.
WHAT LEGAL OPTIONS CANDIDATES HAVE?
An official from the opposition campaign said that Prabowo would dispute the outcome of the elections in the Constitutional Court, which must be within 72 hours of the announcement of the KPU.
If the court finds sufficient evidence to support the case, it must issue a judgment within 14 days of the date on which all documents are provided by the plaintiff. The decision cannot be challenged.
The timing of the KPU to resolve the dispute is between 23 May and 15 June. He will declare a final election result, or a dismissal, within three days of the court ruling.
"The court could decide to reject or grant the applicant's request, in whole or in part," said court spokesman Fajar Laksono.
"C & # 39; is the possibility that the court can order the KPU to hold a recount or a re-vote … but, again, depends on the evidence presented during the trial," he said, adding that the winner must to swear by October.
The Indonesian electoral control group (Bawaslu) has rejected two official allegations of electoral fraud due to insufficient evidence.
Prabowo also launched a legal challenge to his 2014 defeat by Widodo, which was rejected, and there were doubts about whether he would again take this move. He recently told foreign correspondents "we can't hope to find real justice there".
WHAT ARE THE PROSPECTS OF STREET PROTESTS?
The retired general said the situation could trigger protests in the "people's power" style, while the government and the police promised actions against anyone troubling unrest.
Even if a legal path is followed, there is the risk that the supporters of Prabowo can still launch protests, paralyzing parts of the capital.
On Tuesday, Prabowo urged its supporters to maintain public order and peace during the demonstrations.
WHAT ARE THE LONG-TERM POLITICAL RISKS?
Analysts said the double-digit Widodo victory margin means that the opposition does not seem to have a strong case to say that the elections were rigged.
However, they noted the risk that Islamist supporters of the challenger, including the Alumni 212 movement, could cause significant inconvenience.
Islamist groups, many of which support Prabowo, have in the past been able to mobilize hundreds of thousands of supporters.
Since the end of 2016, they have organized a series of protests against the then governor of Jakarta Basuki Tjahaja Purnama, the first ethnic-Chinese Christian to hold the work, who was subsequently imprisoned for insulting the Koran.
In an attempt to free himself from the protests, security chief Wiranto ordered the police and military to prevent people from traveling to Jakarta en masse.
The largest Islamic group in Indonesia, Nahdlatul Ulama, also called on people to avoid gatherings, saying that its mosques would not satisfy protesters outside the capital, except for prayers, the media said.
But with the police questioning at least three opposition figures on suspicion of betrayal and Widodo, who has already faced accusations of becoming authoritarian, a too heavy approach could also backfire.
Achmad Sukarsono, a political analyst at Control Risks, said Widodo had won mainly in the provinces with more diverse religious populations, he would have to appease some of Prabowo's Muslim supporters "to reunite the nation and heal the wounds of Indonesia's most controversial history democratic ".
This could include granting "weak demands from the Islamic community, such as a fair economy that is more congruent with the principles of sharia," he said in a recent statement.
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