Lyme disease or tick disease is on the rise in almost all US states. Health officials issued a warning that alarmed the population about the seriousness of the problem. It is more necessary than ever to be warned of the situation, above all because it is known that the number of those who have been affected is in strong increase. More importantly, experts say they are hidden from us ways in which Lyme disease can spread. Which really means that the public must be aware of all the risks that could be around them.
The 2017 statistics show that the numbers were at historic highs during the year. In 2016, there were about 49,000 reported cases that increased dramatically to 59,350 in 2017. The facts of the year 2018 show a similar trend, more and more people are falling victim to Lyme disease.
Having said that, let's examine how the condition can be secretly spreading.
How can you be exposed to Lyme disease?
There is no way you could be exposed to the disease. But there are obviously ways to know when you might be at risk. For example, most reported cases occur from mid-May to late August. During these months, ticks continue to multiply their population at a fast pace. It is pertinent to know that you may be suffering from Lyme disease when a young tick is able to bite the skin and subsequently transmit bacteria.
What you really need to know is that the tic that brings Lyme can be found in the tall grass. Therefore, caution must be exercised when moving over uneven terrain or playing fields. Furthermore, the tick loves to stick to the hottest parts of the body. This could be your groin region, armpits or even your scalps.
Getting a Lyme disease can mean serious problems for the patient because it can lead to long-term consequences. The person may experience severe headaches, fatigue and joint pains. This coupled with Erythema Migrans erythema that can begin to cover the skin.
Fortunately, there are ways to minimize the risk by avoiding the following habits / practices.
- Be around your pet that spends a significant amount of time outdoors
- Visiting parks in cities and walking in fields with tall, uncut grass
- When you rake or scrape the leaves (ticks can hide under the leaves to seek protection from the sun)
- Neighborhoods with mice, squirrels, deer and other potential carrier population.
- Don't be aware of how a tick appears
Some tips for prevention
If you suspect that your neighborhood is showing the tick population, that does not mean that nothing can be done about it. Lyme disease can be prevented by first considering all the risk factors mentioned above. Once you have made a checklist of all those activities, proceed with some other essential preventive measures.
- Buy an insect repellent that contains permethrin that works best against the tick. Treat your dress from your shirt to the boots with the repellent. Try to avoid wearing clothes that have not been treated.
- Do not hesitate to take complete control of the body to check for ticks or Lyme disease. Consult your doctor as soon as possible if you suspect symptoms.
- Take a shower immediately after visiting a field or an area with tall grass.
- Wash your clothes thoroughly when you come back from the outside.