Diabetes: prevent bone loss and the risk of falling
Diabetics have an increased risk of bone loss (osteoporosis) and therefore of broken bones. Those affected should therefore take measures to prevent bone loss. Adequate exercise can help.
People with Diabetes Type 1 and Type 2 are at increased risk for osteoporosis (Bone loss) and thus in turn also for broken bones. This risk increases with age. Often senior citizens suffer a broken bone as a result of a fall. For example, a femoral neck fracture can lead to immobility, pneumonia, or long-term disability. Therefore, it is important to prevent bone loss and thus the risk of falling.
Move regularly despite lockdown
After the cold spell, you can currently enjoy the spring-like temperatures. The mild weather is ideal for walks, jogging, cycling and other activities in the fresh air.
Regular exercise is very important for diabetics – even during lockdown. Because as well Studies show that diabetes mellitus can accelerate bone loss and consequently promote bone fractures.
“This is the case, for example, when people with diabetes move only a little and also have an unstable metabolism with high glucose levels,” explains Professor Dr. med. Thomas Haak, board member of diabetesDE – German Diabetes Aid and chief physician at the Diabetes Center Mergentheim, in a current Message.
Vitamin D deficiency as a cause of osteoporosis
In addition to too little exercise and an unstable metabolism with increased glucose levels over a long period of time, a Vitamin D deficiency Cause osteoporosis.
As explained in the communication, vitamin D ensures that calcium from food is more easily absorbed through the intestines and stored in the bones. “A vitamin D deficiency is often found in the elderly, but also in people with diabetes regardless of age,” says Professor Haak.
The attending physician can do a blood test to determine whether there is a vitamin D deficiency and also check the metabolism.
soak up the sun
The human body produces a large part of vitamin D in conjunction with sunlight through the skin itself. “That is why we particularly recommend older people with diabetes to be regularly active outside again with increasing daylight and rising temperatures. This promotes both vitamin D formation and bone stability, ”explains Professor Haak.
Exercise can also prevent dementia or at least delay the development of neurodegenerative diseases.
The specialists from diabetesDE – German Diabetes Aid have on their website summarized some everyday tips for more exercise in times of COVID-19. And also on the podcast “Doc2Go“There are helpful tips.
In addition, it is important to ensure a diet rich in vitamin D and calcium. Sea fish such as herring or salmon are considered to be rich in vitamin D. It is also found in eggs, mushrooms and liver. Milk and soy products, fruit, vegetables and nuts, for example, are rich in calcium. (ad)
Author and source information
This text corresponds to the requirements of the medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been checked by medical professionals.
- diabetesDE – German Diabetes Aid: Regular exercise prevents bone loss and the risk of falling, (accessed: 02/21/2021), diabetesDE – German Diabetes Aid
- Guowei Li, Jerilynn C. Prior, William D. Leslie, Lehana Thabane, Alexandra Papaioannou, Robert G. Josse, Stephanie M. Kaiser, Christopher S. Kovacs, Tassos Anastassiades, Tanveer Towheed, K. Shawn Davison, Mitchell Levine, David Goltzman and Jonathan D. Adachi, for the CaMos Research Group: Frailty and Risk of Fractures in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes; in: Diabetes Care, (veröffentlicht: 28.01.2019), Diabetes Care
- diabetesDE – German Diabetes Aid: Everyday tips for more exercise in times of COVID-19, (accessed: February 21, 2021), diabetesDE – German Diabetes Aid
- diabetesDE – German Diabetes Aid: Doc2Go: Your diabetes podcast to follow, (accessed: 02/21/2021), diabetesDE – German Diabetes Aid
This article is for general guidance only and should not be used for self-diagnosis or self-treatment. He can not substitute a visit at the doctor.