SONDRIO. More than a euro of difference between a gas station attendant and the other placed a few kilometers away. Because? Because one of the two is located in Livigno, a municipality in the province of Sondrio, therefore Italy, which, however, enjoys the status of duty free areas. And so there the price (in self mode) of the petrol is 1.366 euros per liter and diesel is 1.25 euros per liter (we have seen that in the rest of Italy it is now stable above 2.3 euros per liter). Livigno, a renowned tourist and ski resort, is a free zone thanks to the special exemptions that the local community managed to obtain in 1538 from the county of Bormiosubsequently confirmed by successive regulations and conventions over the centuries, and which the small municipality has always defended, until it was reaffirmed by a law of 1910.
”Already in ‘600 the Grisons, masters of the Valtellina, establish the full autonomy of Livigno – we read on the Livigno.eu website – on the subject economic and legal. Moreover, given the particular geographical situation, Livigno was endowed with benefits duty free since 1805 by Napoleon. Benefits recognized in the year 1818 by Austria-Hungary, reaffirmed by Italy in 1910 and confirmed by the EEC in 1960 ”.
In the municipal area, therefore, they are not paid neither VAT nor excise duties, indirect taxes that they weigh on fuel and other assets (e.g. tobacco and alcohol) and that they increase the cost of gasoline, even when there are no ongoing energy crises. And so the price of fuel in Livigno shows, roughlywhat would be the cost that Italians could pay if there were no excise duties.
Below is the complete list of those placed on fuels in Italy, with the year and reason for introduction. As you can see, there is not always that hype about the war in Ethiopia (actually una fake news forcefully relaunched by Matteo Salvini a few years ago when in the throes of populist impetus he announced that with him in the government he would cancel them all, including the very pop one from the media point of view of Mussolini’s War in Africa).
1) financing of the Suez crisis (1956) – 0.00723 euros;
2) post-disaster reconstruction of the Vajont (1963) – 0.00516 euros;
3) post-flood reconstruction of Florence (1966) – 0.00516 euros;
4) post-earthquake reconstruction of Belice (1968) – 0.00516 euros;
5) post-earthquake reconstruction in Friuli (1976) – 0.00511 euros;
6) post-earthquake reconstruction of Irpinia (1980) – 0.0387 euros;
7) UN mission funding in Lebanon (1982 – 1983) – € 0.106;
8) UN mission funding in Bosnia (1996) – 0.0114 euros;
9) renewal of the autoferrotranvieri contract (2004) – 0.020 euros;
10) purchase of ecological buses (2005) – 0.005 euros;
11) post-earthquake reconstruction of L’Aquila (2009) – 0.0051 euros;
12) funding for culture (2011) – 0.0071;
13) Libyan migration crisis financing (2011) – 0.040 euros;
14) reconstruction due to the flood that hit Tuscany and Liguria (2011) – 0.0089 euros;
15) financing of the “Salva Italia” decree (2011) – 0.082 euros;
16) financing for post-earthquake reconstruction in Emilia (2012) – 0.024 euros;
17) financing of the “Manager bonus” (2014) – 0.005 euros;
18) financing of the “Decree to do” (2014) – 0.0024
Several times the leader of the League had shown precisely the Livigno prices to support its battle against excise dutieshowever, always remained dead letter despite the periods spent in government, first in “Conte 1” and now with Mario Draghi. On the topic of expensive fuel Codacons intervened, asking the zeroing of VAT. The president of Codacons, Carlo Rienzi, asked for the VAT to come suspended until the end of the energy emergency and that excise duties are also reduced: “Only in this way will it be possibleand bring fuel prices back to acceptable levels, calm retail prices and allow thousands of companies to continue their business”.