The pipeline will pass from Russia to Germany under the Baltic Sea in the waters of Russia, Finland, Sweden, Germany and Denmark, its capacity will be 55 billion cubic meters. m of gas in the year.
Ukraine is the main opponent of the new pipe, since Nord Stream II is intended to partially replace the transit of Russian gas through this country. The project is also opposed by the Baltic countries and Poland. Furthermore, dissatisfaction was expressed by Members of the European Parliament of Sweden, Denmark and Slovakia. Furthermore, the growth of European countries' dependence on Russia has been felt by the US president, Donald Trump.
Russian President Vladimir Putin has previously stressed that even after the completion of the construction of Nord Stream 2, the transit of gas through Ukraine will be maintained. He argued that Russian-European joint projects, including Nord Stream 2, are purely economic in nature and do not have any kind of "double bottom".
As Kommersant reported on 18 February, the amendments to the EU gas directive could lead to the fact that Nord Stream II will not be able to function normally, even if it can be completed. Possible reasons include the rules of the European internal market, which require third party access to pipeline systems. This is virtually impossible, because only Gazprom can supply gas from the Russian side.